物理化学学报 >> 2006, Vol. 22 >> Issue (09): 1075-1078.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(06)60047-8

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

二氧化硅分散体系在应力剪切过程中粘弹性及能耗研究

伍秋美;阮建明;黄伯云;周忠诚;邹俭鹏   

  1. (中南大学粉末冶金国家重点实验室, 长沙 410083)
  • 收稿日期:2006-03-07 修回日期:2006-04-04 发布日期:2006-09-04
  • 通讯作者: 阮建明 E-mail:jianming@mail.csu.edu.cn

Viscoelastic Behavior and the Ability of Dissipating Energy of SiO2 Dispersions under Stress Shear

WU Qiu-Mei;RUAN Jian-Ming;HUANG Bai-Yun;ZHOU Zhong-Cheng;ZOU Jian-Peng   

  1. (State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, P. R. China)
  • Received:2006-03-07 Revised:2006-04-04 Published:2006-09-04
  • Contact: RUAN Jian-Ming E-mail:jianming@mail.csu.edu.cn

摘要: 通过动态应力剪切研究了以乙二醇、丙二醇和丁二醇为分散介质的雾化二氧化硅分散体系的粘弹性以及能耗. 研究发现, 随着应力的增大, 体系都经历了线性粘弹区、剪切变稀区以及剪切增稠区. 在线性粘弹区, 储能模量(G′)、耗能模量(G′′)随着应力(σ)的增大保持不变;在剪切变稀区, G′随着σ的增大而减小, 且乙二醇、丙二醇、丁二醇分散体系的减小幅度依次递减, 而G′′基本保持不变;在剪切增稠区, G′、G′′都随着σ的增大而增大. 在所研究的应力范围内, G′′都大于G′, 体系主要体现粘性, 消耗能量为主. 同时还发现在低剪切应力区, 体系所消耗的能量(Ed)都随着最大应变(γ0)成二次方关系增长, 而在剪切增稠区, 当n=2.79、4.93、4.88时, EG/SiO2、PG/SiO2、BG/SiO2的Ed分别随γ0以指数关系增长.

关键词: 雾化二氧化硅, 分散体系, 粘弹性, 耗能

Abstract: The viscoelastic behavior and the ability of dissipating energy of fumed silica dispersions in ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and butylene glycol have been studied under oscillation stress shear. The systems show linear viscoelastic, shear thinning, and shear thickening behaviors as the shear stress (σ) increasing. In linear viscoelastic region, the storage modulus (G′) and loss modulus (G′′) remain unchanged; in shear thinning region, G′ decreases and the sequence of the decreasing degree of G′ is EG/SiO2>PG/SiO2> BG/SiO2; however G′′ remains unchanged with σ increasing; in shear thickening region, both G′ and G′′ increase as σ increases. The magnitude of G′′ is larger than the magnitude of G′ over the studied range of stress, indicating that the dispersions mainly possess viscous property, and the energy dissipated is larger than the energy stored. The dissipated energies (Ed) of EG/SiO2, PG/SiO2, and BG/SiO2 dispersions increase with the maximum strain (γ0) in a second power relation under low shear stress; however, in the shear thickening region, the Ed of EG/SiO2, PG/SiO2, and BG/SiO2 dispersions show an exponential increase with γ0 by the exponents of n=2.79, 4.93, and 4.88, respectively.

Key words: Fumed silica, Dispersion, Viscoelasticity, Dissipated energy