物理化学学报 >> 2007, Vol. 23 >> Issue (02): 173-176.doi: 10.1016/S1872-1508(07)60014-X

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

新型阴离子Gemini表面活性剂与非离子表面活性剂C10E6混合溶液的胶团化的研究

杜西刚;路遥;李玲;寇建益;杨正宇   

  1. 中国科学院理化技术研究所, 北京 100080
  • 收稿日期:2006-07-26 修回日期:2006-09-04 发布日期:2007-02-01
  • 通讯作者: 路遥 E-mail:yaoluipc@yahoo.com.cn

Study of micellization of novel anionic Gemini surfactant Ia and nonionic surfactant C10E6 in aqueous solution

DU Xi-Gang;LU Yao;LI Ling;KOU Jian-Yi;YANG Zheng-Yu   

  1. Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, P. R. China
  • Received:2006-07-26 Revised:2006-09-04 Published:2007-02-01
  • Contact: LU Yao E-mail:yaoluipc@yahoo.com.cn

摘要: 研究了烷基苯磺酸盐Gemini表面活性剂Ia与非离子表面活性剂C10E6溶液混合胶团中分子间的相互作用. 通过表面张力法测定了Ia 和C10E6不同比例不同温度下的临界胶束浓度(cmc). 结果表明, 两种表面活性剂以任何比例复配的cmc比单一表面活性剂的cmc都低, 表现出良好的协同效应. 传统型非离子表面活性剂C10E6、Gemini表面活性剂Ia及混合物的cmc都随着温度升高而降低. 而且, 任何配比的混合胶团中两种表面活性剂分子间的相互作用参数β都是负值, 这说明两种表面活性剂在混合胶团中产生了相互吸引的作用. 混合表面活性剂体系的胶团聚集数比单一Ia的大, 但比单一C10E6的小. 向Gemini表面活性剂Ia胶束中加入非离子表面活性剂C10E6会使胶束的微观极性变小.

关键词: 阴离子Gemini表面活性剂, 非离子表面活性剂, cmc, 胶团聚集数, 微观极性

Abstract: The interaction between the alkylbenzene sulfonate Gemini surfactant Ia and the conventional nonionic surfactant C10E6 was investigated. The critical micelle concentrations of different mixtures were measured by surface tension measurement in aqueous solution at different temperatures. The results suggested that the critical micelle concentration of different mixtures at any mole ratio was lower than that of either pure Ia or C10E6 surfactant, indicating synergetic behavior. The cmc values for pure Ia, C10E6 surfactant, and their different mixtures at any mole ratio increased with increasing temperature. And the interaction parameter β values for the mixed micelles were negative, showing attractive interaction between these surfactant molecules. The micelle aggregation number (N) was measured using a steady state fluorescence quenching method. The N values of the mixed surfactant system were larger than that of pure Ia but lower than pure C10E6 at all mole ratios. The micropolarity of micelles becomes small gradually with the increase of the mole ratio of the Gemini surfactant Ia.

Key words: Anionic Gemini surfactant, Nonionic surfactant, cmc, Micelle aggregation number, Micropolarity