物理化学学报 >> 1988, Vol. 4 >> Issue (05): 466-472.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19880506
梁映秋; 赵文运; 张树功; 倪嘉缵
Liang Yingqiu; Zhao Wenyun;Zhang Shugong; Ni Jiazan
摘要： 本文合成了溴化稀土冠醚配合物, 测定了3500—100 cm~(-1)的付里叶红外和激光喇曼光谱, 并由振动光谱推断LnBr_3(18-C-6)·nH_2O的可能分子结构。
Abstract: The complexes LnBr_3(18-C-6)·nH_2O (Ln=La, n=1; Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Er, Y, n=3)were prepared and those FT-IR, Raman spectra were measured over the region of 3500—100 cm~(-1).By means of normal coordinatiou analysis of La(NO_3)_3(18-C-6) and structural determination of some crown ether complexes, the bands charactering Ln—O_6 (crown), Lu—O(H_2) and Ln—Br as well as the coupling mode between vibrations of Ln—O(crown) and Ln—Br can be assigned respectively. The band near 880 cm~(-1) is attribued to the symmetrical vibration of the ring inherent in the fragment LnO_6 (crown) which is important for clarifying whether or not Ln~(3+) in the complex is coordinated to the crown ring. Due to a similar trend existing in the low frequency spectra of Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Er complexes except Y, the analogous structures would be expected.As a consequence, La~(3+) (n=1) is coordinated by six oxygen atoms of crown ether ring, three bromine atoms and one oxgaen atom from the water with CN=10. For complexes of Ln=Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb (n=3), the molecular structures are like La-complex additionally more two lattice water. As the smaller ionic radius of Y~(3+), the Y-complex exists with CN=9. Therefore the structure of YBr_3 (18-C-6)·3H_2O may be similar to [GdCl_2(18-C-6)·EtOH]~+Cl~-, e.g.[YBr_2(18-C-6)·OH_2]~+Br~- with CN=9, that can explain why the low frequency spectrum of Y-complex is different from the others.
梁映秋;赵文运;张树功;倪嘉缵. 溴化稀土冠醚配合物LnBr3(18-C-6)·nH2O的振动光谱与结构[J]. 物理化学学报, 1988, 4(05): 466-472.
Liang Yingqiu; Zhao Wenyun;Zhang Shugong; Ni Jiazan. VIBRATIONAL SPECTRA AND STRUCTURE OF LnBr3(18-C-6)·nH3O[J]. Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin., 1988, 4(05): 466-472.
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