物理化学学报 >> 1991, Vol. 7 >> Issue (03): 260-269.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19910302

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

肾上腺素氧化反应的研究——氧化反应动力学和机理以及自由及中间体

戴建波; 白令君; 张一宝; 臧雅茹; 江冬青; 顾卓英; 赵学庄   

  1. 南开大学化学系与中心实验室,天津 300071
  • 收稿日期:1989-11-11 修回日期:1990-07-12 发布日期:1991-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 赵学庄

Research on the Oxidation of Adrenaline——Kinetics and Mechanism of the Oxidation Reaction and the Radical Intermidate

Dai Jian-Bo; Bai Ling-Jun; Zhang Yi-Bao; Zang Ya-Ru; Jiang Dong-Qing; Gu Zhuo-Ying; Zhao Xue-Zhuang   

  1. Department of Chemistry and the Central Laboratory, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071
  • Received:1989-11-11 Revised:1990-07-12 Published:1991-06-15
  • Contact: Zhao Xue-Zhuang

摘要: 用紫外吸收光谱法结合计算机模拟研究了肾上腺素(Adjn)在Cu(Ⅱ)离子催化下, 用H_2O_2氧化产生肾上腺素红(Adom)的反应动力学, 考查了反应的速率随体系中肾上腺素的初始浓度, Cu(Ⅱ)离子浓度和H_2O_2浓度的变化情况。在流动法或添加自由基稳定剂的条件下, 利用顺磁共振法检测丁肾上腺素自氧化, 光氧化和Cu(Ⅱ)离子催化H_2O_2氧化产生的半醌自由基。考查了Cu(Ⅱ)离子催化下自由基的相对浓度随反应条件的变化情况。在反应动力学和顺磁共振实验的基础上所提出的可能的反应机理, 半定量地解释此反应动力学实验结果和顺磁共振实验中的自由基行为。

关键词: 肾上腺素, 自由及中间体, 动力学, 氧化反应机理

Abstract: Using the UV absorption spectrometry in connection with computer simulation, the oxidation reaction kinetics of adrenaline forming adrenoehrome, with H_2O_2 in Cu(Ⅱ) existing as a catalyst had been studied. Since there is some overlap in the spectra of adrenaline and adrenochrome (Fig.1), the double wave-length method was used. The order of this reaction with respect to adrenaline is 1/2. The corresponding apparent reaction rate constants are independent of the initial concentration [Adin]_0 of adrenline (Table 1), but depend on the concentration of Cu(II), H_2O_2 and H~+ in accordance with equations (1~a) and (1~b). The experimental values kE and regression calculated values kC of the apparent rate constants k(app) under different experimental conditions are listed in the last two rows of Table 2, respectively. The linear correlation of kE and kC is shown in Fig.2. Examining this figure, it can be said that the regression calculated values are satisfiable.
In order to propose a reasonable probable mechanism of this reaction, by means of the electron paramagnetic resonance method, the radical intermidate was examined under the flow condition or sometimes a radical stabilizer...

Key words: Adrenaline, Radical intermidate, Kinetics, Mechanism of oxidation reaction