物理化学学报 >> 1994, Vol. 10 >> Issue (01): 15-18.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19940105

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NiO的单层分散态及其载体效应

蔡小海, 刘英骏, 刘智巍, 谢有畅   

  1. 北京大学化学系,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:1993-09-27 修回日期:1993-10-20 发布日期:1994-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 蔡小海

An EXAFS Study on Support Effect of NiO Dispersion State

Cai Xiao-Hai, Liu Ying-Jun, Liu Zhi-Wei,  Xie You-Chang   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1993-09-27 Revised:1993-10-20 Published:1994-01-15
  • Contact: Cai Xiao-Hai

关键词: 单层分散, 载体效应, 氧化镍, γ-Al2O3, 硅胶, 钛胶

Abstract:

The NiO dispersion phase on three different supports have been studied by EXAFS in combination with XRD quantitative phase analysis. The result of XRD shows the threshold of NiO/γ-Al_2O_3 system is larger than that of NiO/TiO_2 system and the threshold of NiO/SiO_2 system is the least. From the FT functions of EXAFS for samples we can find that in NiO/γ-Al_2O_3 system a part of Ni changes its coordination polyhedra into tetrahedra, the Ni-Ni coordination peaks reduce markedly with the decrease of NiO content in samples. The result of EXAFS fitting and phase isolation shows Ni-Ni coordination number increases with the increase of NiO content in samples of NiO/γ-Al_2O_3 system and reaches a maximum value of 4.0 and remains constant when NiO content reaches the threshold obtained by XRD. It shows the structure of NiO dispersion phase is in better agreement with the NiO monolayer dispersion model than any other models.
In FT functions of EXAFS for samples at thresholds of two systems the Ni-Ni coordination peaks of NiO/TiO_2 system is much lower than those of NiO/γ-Al_2O_3 system. But they are similar when their NiO contents both close to the threshold of NiO/TiO_2 system. It shows that though the dispersion capacity of NiO in NiO/TiO_2 system is less than that in NiO/γ-Al_2O_3 system its dispersion performance is better.
In NiO/SiO_2 system the coordination peaks are similar to those of pure NiO and the Ni-Ni coordination number approaches 12 of the pure NiO. It shows it is difficult for NiO to disperse on the surface of SiO_2. In fact, for the NiO/SiO_2 system the threshold obtained by XRD is beyond the experiment accuracy so there is no threshold for this system.
Therefore above facts indicate that dispersion threshold and reducing of metal-metal coordination number of the dispersion phase is a quite characteristic feature of monolayer dispersion state.

Key words: Monolayer dispersion, Support effect, EXAFS, NiO, γ-Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2