物理化学学报 >> 1994, Vol. 10 >> Issue (04): 308-311.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19940405

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

含IIIA或VA族杂原子的碳原子簇负离子的研究

黄荣彬, 刘朝阳, 赵剑虹, 林逢辰, 郑兰荪   

  1. 固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室,厦门大学化学系,厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:1992-09-08 修回日期:1992-12-24 发布日期:1994-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 郑兰荪

Studies of Carbon Cluster Anions with a Heteroatom of IIIA or VA Group

Huang Rong-Bin, Liu Zhao-Yang, Zhao Jian-Hong, Lin Feng-Chen, Zheng Lan-Sun   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Xiamen Univeristy, Xiamen 361005
  • Received:1992-09-08 Revised:1992-12-24 Published:1994-04-15
  • Contact: Zheng Lan-Sun

摘要:

在自制的仪器上,以脉冲激光束在高真空中溅射适当的样品,产生了一系列合有1个VA族原子(N、P、As)或ⅢA族原子(B、Al)及13个以下碳原子的原子簇负离子。在实验记录的飞行时间质谱中,这些簇离子的信号强度均因其碳原子数的奇偶而发生交替变化.对实验结果的分析研究显示:这些簇离子均为直链构型.VA或ⅢA族原子位于链的一端,所有成簇原子的价键均得到满足.

关键词: 碳原子簇, 链状构型, 奇偶交替

Abstract:

A series of carbon cluster anions with a heteroatom have been generated on a home-made apparatus by laser abalation of appropriate samples. The heteroatom includes boron, aluminum, nitrogen, phosphorus or arsenic which is either a ⅢA or a VA group element. The recorded time-of-flight mass spectra show that stabilities of the cluster anions are affected by the composition of the heteroatom. The ⅢA group heteroatom tends to bind with even sizes of carbon atom and the VA group atom selects odd sizes. The even/odd alternation is attributed to the linear configuration of the cluster anions with the heteroatom at the end of the chain.

Key words: Carbon cluster, Linear chain, Even/odd alternation, Laser abalation Mass Spectrometry