物理化学学报 >> 1995, Vol. 11 >> Issue (05): 407-413.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19950505

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

CO和NO在CuO及Cu2O(110)表面吸附选择规律研究

段玉华, 张开明, 伏义路   

  1. 复旦大学物理学系|上海 200433|中国科学技术大学化学物理系|合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:1994-05-28 修回日期:1994-09-12 发布日期:1995-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 段玉华

Quantum Chemical Sutdies of the Chemisorbed Selectivity of CO and NO on CuO and Cu2O(110) Surfaces

Duan Yu-Hua, Zhang Kai-Ming, Fu Yi-Lu   

  1. Department of Physics,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433|Department of Chemical Physics,University of Science and Technology of China Hefei 230026
  • Received:1994-05-28 Revised:1994-09-12 Published:1995-05-15
  • Contact: Duan Yu-Hua

摘要:

采用离散变分Xα方法分别计算了CO和NO以C(或N)端顶位吸附在CuO(110)及Cu2O(110)表面上的基态势能曲线,结果表明:CO在Cu2O表面上的吸附强,而在CuO表面上的吸附弱;NO则在CuO表面上吸附强,在Cu2O表面上吸附弱.它们的吸附能的大小顺序为:CuO-NO>Cu2O-CO>Cu2O-NO>CuO-CO.对于CuO-NO(或CO)吸附体系,主要是Cu的3d轨道与吸附分子的2π轨道间的相互作用;对于Cu2O-CO(或NO)吸附体系,则主要是吸附质分子的5σ及2π分子轨道与其顶位Cu1的4s及4p轨道和侧位Cu2的3d轨道相互作用.本文通过吸附势能曲线、态密度分析、成键分析及电荷转移量和方向等方面对实验现象做了合理的解释.

关键词: DV-Xa方法, CO和NO选择吸附, Cu2O(110)面

Abstract:

The characteristics of CO and NO adsorptions on surfaces of CuO(110) andCu2O(110) have been studied by using Self- Consistent-Charge Discrete Variational XαMethod (SCC-DV-Xα for short). The calculated results show that the molecules CO and NO are perpendicularly adsorbed on cuprous of Cu2O and cupric of CuO bonded with C and N atoms respectively. The order of chemisorption potential of the four adsorbed systems are: CuO-NO>Cu2O-CO>Cu2O-NO>CuO-CO. For CO or NO molecule chemisorbed on cupric oxide, the chemisorbed bonds are mainly contributed by the interactions of 3d orbitals of cupric with 2π molecular orbital (MO) of the adsorbates. While for CO or NO molecule chemisorbed on cuprous oxide, the chemisorbed bonds are mainly formed by the interaction of 3d orbitals of the top site Cu+ and 4s, 4p orbitals of the side site Cu+ with 5σ and 2π MO of adsorbates. Theses conclusions coincide with the experimental observations[1-7]. The selective chemisorptions of CO and NO on the (110) surface of cupric and cuprous oxides are discussed by analysis of the potential curve, density of states (DOS), bonding characters and the electrons transfers.

Key words: DV-Xa, CO and NO chemisorbed selectivity, CuO and Cu2O(110) surfaces