物理化学学报 >> 1995, Vol. 11 >> Issue (05): 454-459.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19950515

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

拟静态沸点计法测定非水电解质溶液的渗透系数

闫卫东,徐奕瑾,韩世钧   

  1. 浙江大学化学系|杭州 310027
  • 收稿日期:1994-03-28 修回日期:1994-09-28 发布日期:1995-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 韩世钧

A New Method of Pseudo-Static Ebulliometer for Determination of Osmotic Coefficients of Nonaqueous Electrolyte Solution

Yan Wei-Dong,Xu Yi-Jin,Han Shi-Jun   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310027
  • Received:1994-03-28 Revised:1994-09-28 Published:1995-05-15
  • Contact: Han Shi-Jun

关键词: 非水电解质溶液, 渗透系数, 拟静态沸点计法

Abstract:

The new method of Pseudo-Static Ebulliometer for determining osmotic coefficients of nonaqueous electrolyte solutions was developed at constant temperature. Aset of experimental apparatus was constructed. This apparatus was calibrited with NaCl, NaBr in methanol solvent. The results are consistant with the literature values, showing that the apparatus is reliable and the accuracy is high also. The osmotic coefficients of solutions of Nal, Me4NCl, Bu4NBr in methanol solvent were measured at 298.15K. The results are fitted by Pitzer equation. The activity coefficients of salts in methanol are calculated using Pitzer’s interaction parameters obtained. The method is rapid, convenient and accurate, compared with the traditional static and isopiestic methods. It gives a powerful tool for measurement of the osmotic coefficients of nonaqueous electrolyte solutions.

Key words: Nonaqueous electrolyte solution, Osmotic coefficients, Pseudo-static ebulliometer