物理化学学报 >> 1995, Vol. 11 >> Issue (08): 746-750.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19950816

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

La2O3对Ni/γ-Al2O3甲烷化催化剂的助催化作用

刘新华,苗茵,李晓丽,盛世善   

  1. 内蒙古大学化学系|呼和浩特 010021|包头钢铁公司冶金研究所|包头 014010|大连化学物理研究所催化基础国家重点实验室|大连 116023
  • 收稿日期:1994-08-08 修回日期:1994-12-14 发布日期:1995-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘新华

Promoting Effect of La2O3 on Ni/γ-Al2O3 Methanstion Catalyst

Liu Xin-Hua,Miao-Yin,Li Xiao-Li,Sheng Shi-Shan   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Neimenggu University,Huhehaote,Neimenggu 010021|State Key Laboratory for catalysis Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics,Dalian 116023
  • Received:1994-08-08 Revised:1994-12-14 Published:1995-08-15
  • Contact: Liu Xin-Hua

关键词: Ni/γ-Al2O3, La2O3, 助催化作用, 甲烷化催化剂

Abstract:

The promoting effect of La2O3 on Ni/γ-Al2O3 methanation catalyst was investigated by XPS, TPR and TPD methods. Results indicated that La2O3 can be partially reduced to LaOx (x<3/2) during H2 reduction of the Ni catalysts with La2O3.The excess charge associated with the LaOx can be transfered to Ni. It weakened C-O bond strength, accelerated CO dissociation, proportionation and methanation reaction. The interaction between NiO and Al2O3 can be suppressed and the formation of NiAl2O4-like species can be reduced by adding La2O3. With the increase of La2O3 contents the fraction of NiO which is easier to be reduced becomes larger. The fact that there was more residual H2 on the catalyst with La2O3 means that it is able to retain some H2. Besides, the distribution of CO adsorption sites of the Ni catalyst was shifted by adding La2O3.

Key words: Ni/γ-Al2O3, La2O3, Promotion effect, Methanation catalyst