物理化学学报 >> 1996, Vol. 12 >> Issue (06): 537-542.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19960612

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

二元有机液体混合物热容与过剩热容的测定

孙宏伟,高铭书,马沛生   

  1. 北京化工大学化工系,北京 100029|天津大学化学工程系,天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:1995-09-08 修回日期:1996-02-02 发布日期:1996-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 孙宏伟

Measurement and Investigation of Heat Capacity and Excess Heat Capacity of Binary Liquid Mixture

Sun Hong-Wei,Gao Ming-Shu,Ma Pei-Sheng   

  1. Beijing University of Chemical Technology Department of Chemical Engineering,Beijing 100029|Department of Chemical Engineering of Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072
  • Received:1995-09-08 Revised:1996-02-02 Published:1996-06-15
  • Contact: Sun Hong-Wei

关键词: 热容, 过剩热容, Prigogine-Flory对应状态理论, 取向次序, 熵参数

Abstract:

The heat capacities C_p and excess heat capaciries C_pE of four binary systems cyclohexanone-benzene, cyclohexanone-toluene, cyclohexanone-elhylbenzene, cyclohexanone-isopropylbenzene are measured at 298.15K and under latm by the Calvet microcalorimeter. The error of mole fraction is ±0.0002, of C_p±0.0085, of C_pE±0.055, and of temperature ±0.01K. The C_pE values of the four systems are always positive for whole ranges of mole fractions. The excess heat capacities decrease with the increase of number of carbon atoms of aromatic hydrocarbon. The experimental results are at variance with the Prigogine-Flory corresponding state theory. The effect of changes of solution orientational order on C_pE is also investigated. The intermolecular orientational order entropy parameter θ2S12 is introduced to the Flory model. The Flory model including θ2S12is improved for the estimation of C_pE values.

Key words: Heat capacity, Excess heat capacity, Prigogine-Flory corresponding state theory, Orientational order, Entropy parameter