物理化学学报 >> 1998, Vol. 14 >> Issue (11): 1033-1039.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19981114

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Criegee中间体气相反应热力学的G2理论计算

齐斌, 苏克和, 王育彬, 文振翼, 唐孝炎   

  1. 陕西师范大学化学系,西安 710062|环境模拟与污染控制国家重点实验室,北京大学环境科学中心,北京 100871|西北工业大学化工系,西安 710072|西北大学现代物理研究所,西安 710068
  • 收稿日期:1997-11-27 修回日期:1998-03-06 发布日期:1998-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 苏克和

Gaussian-2 Calculations of the Thermochemistry of Criegee Intermediates in Gas Phsae Reactions

Qi Bin, Su Ke-He, Wang Yu-Bin, Wen Zhen-Yi, Tang Xiao-Yan   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Shanxi Normal University,Xi'an 710062|The State Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control,Center of Environmental Science,Peking University,Beijing 100871|Department of Chemical Engineering,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi'an 710072|Institute of Modern Physics,Northwest University,Xi'an 710068
  • Received:1997-11-27 Revised:1998-03-06 Published:1998-11-15
  • Contact: Su Ke-He

关键词: Criegee, 大气化学, 热力学, G2, G2(fu 1)

Abstract:

Criegee intermediate is believed to play an important role in the atmospheric chemistry. Because of its short life and the difficulty in experimental study, we carried out ah initio calculations on the thermochemistry of the Criegee involving reactions in this study. Thermochemistry data of reaction enthalpies and Gibbs free energies for four different stable structures of the Criegee intermediates (singlet CH2OO ①1 A1 in C2v, triplet CH2OO ②3B1 in C2v, singlet CH2OO ③1A' in Cs and triplet CH2OO ④ in C1 symmetry) involved in some of the gas-phase reactions were calculated at the standard Gaussian-2 [G2(MP2) and G2] and a modified G2, G2(fu1)[10],levels of theory. Relative energies among those Criegees and formic acid were compared. Chemical reactions include the formation of Criegees, re-arrangement from Criegee to formic acid, dissociations (producing CH2(3B1)+O2, CH2(1A1)+O2, CO2+H2, CO2+2H, CO+H2O, OH+HCO) and the reactions between Criegee and NO/H2O. Standard equilibrium constants for some reactions were investigated and may be obtained for all of the rest reactions involved in this study by the standard Gibbs free energies. It is shown that the formation of Criegee ①-④ by ethylene and ozone, the re-arrangement from any Criegee to formic acid, the dissociation in producing CO2+O2and CO+H2O and the reactions between any Criegee and NO/H2O are all favourable thermodynamicaly. The dissociation in forming CO2+2H and OH+HCO is less favourable. While the dissociation in forming carbene (either in 3B1 or 1A1 state) is not allowed by ΔrGm? values. Standard enthalpies of formation at 298 K for the four Criegees were predicted at the G2(ful) level of theory. Each value is the average value from ten of the above reactions and they are -4.3, 74.8,98.9 and 244.6 kJ mol-1 at the G2(ful) level for Criegee ① to Criegee ④, respectively. In addition, tile standard enthalpy of formation at 298 K for HOCH2OOH is further predicted to be -315.6 kJ mol-1 at the G2(MP2) level.

Key words: Criegee, Atmospheric chemistry, Thermodynamics, G2, G2(fu 1)