物理化学学报 >> 1999, Vol. 15 >> Issue (05): 408-412.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19990505

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

聚皂凝胶对直流电场作用的响应

杨亚江, 赵彦兵, Jan B.F.N.Engberts   

  1. 华中理工大学化学系,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-12 修回日期:1998-09-28 发布日期:1999-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 杨亚江

Stimuli Response of Polysoap Hydrogels under Electric Fields

Yang Ya-Jiang, Zhao Yan-Bing, Jan B.F.N.Engberts   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Huazhong Univeristy of Science and Technology,Wuhan 430074|Department of Organic nd Moleculr Inorganic Chemistry,University of Groningen,Nijenborgh4,9747 AG Groningen,The Netherlands
  • Received:1998-08-12 Revised:1998-09-28 Published:1999-05-15
  • Contact: YangYa-Jiang

摘要:

研究了三种聚皂凝胶在直流电场下的响应.这三种凝胶在直接接触电场下,在阳极端发生消溶涨,而在非直接接触电场下形状发生显著的弯曲这些响应均随电场电压的升高而增强.聚皂凝胶在电场下产生响应的驱动力,除了因离子迁移产生的渗透压差外,疏水相互作用也是驱动力之一.

关键词: 聚皂凝胶, 直流电场, 消溶涨, 弯曲角

Abstract:

The difference of polysoap hydrogels and normal polyelectrolyte hydrogels is that the former possess hydrophobic side chains. Poly(diallylamie-N, N’-dodecylmethyldiallylammonium bromide ) (PDA-C12 ), Poly (N-methyldiallylamine-N, N’-dodecylmethyldiallylammonium bromide )(PMDA-C12) and stearic acid modified poly (tetraethylenepentamine-epichlorohydrin) (PTE- C18)contain hydrophobic side chains with 12 carbon and 18 carbon, respectively. The stimuli-response of the gels under electric fields was investigated. Under contact electric fields, the deswelling was observed in the anode side of the gels. Under non-contact electric fields, the gels bend toward the anode. The gels can turn back original sharps and bent toward the cathode with time when higher voltage was applied. These properties of the gels are related to both the change of osmotic pressure caused by mobile ions and hydrophobic interaction.

Key words: Polysoap hydrogels.DC dectric fields, Deswelling, Bending angle