物理化学学报 >> 1999, Vol. 15 >> Issue (05): 426-430.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB19990508

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

氧化物体系中Eu2+的价态稳定和转换

刘应亮, 冯德雄, 杨培慧, 石春山   

  1. 暨南大学化学系,广州 510632|中国科学院长春应用化学研究所稀土化学与物理开放实验室,长春 130022
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-07 修回日期:1998-11-09 发布日期:1999-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘应亮

Valence Stability and Change of Eu(II)in Oxides

Liu Ying-Liang, Feng De-Xiong, Yang Pei-Hui, Shi Chun-Shan   

  1. Department of Chemistry,Ji'nan University,Guangzhou 510632|Laboratory of Rare Earth Chemistry and Physics,Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry,Chinese Academy of Science,Changchun 130022
  • Received:1998-08-07 Revised:1998-11-09 Published:1999-05-15
  • Contact: Liu Ying-Liang

摘要:

采用光谱方法研究了氧化物体系中Eu2+的价态稳定和转换问题.研究表明体系中Eu2+的价态稳定与取代离子的半径、电荷及基质晶相等密切相关.运用晶格能理论和晶体结构变化对实验结果进行了计算和讨论.

关键词: 二价铕, 氧化物体系, 价态稳定, 价态转换

Abstract:

Valence stability and change of Eu(Ⅱ) in oxides have been studied by luminescence spectra. The results show that the valence stability and change of Eu(Ⅱ)in oxides is closely related to the radius and electric charge of positive ions substituted by Eu(Ⅱ) and crystal structure of the host such as Al2O3 which can form α-Al2O3 single phase and α-Al2O3 and γ-Al2O3 mixed phases under different reaction temperatures. A fairly good explanation is made by the proposed relation between energy coefficient and crystal structure for the first time to the observed experiment results. If the energy coefficients of substitution ions is more than that of Eu(Ⅱ), the lattice substitution of Eu(Ⅱ)for these ions is not occured generally and valence state of Eu (Ⅱ)is not stable and be easily changed into Eu(Ⅲ). The lattice of γ-Al2O3 can stablize the valence state of Eu(Ⅱ)within certain coped concentration and in α-Al2O3 crystal lattice Eu (Ⅱ)can be easily changed into Eu (Ⅲ).

Key words: Europium(II), Oxides, Valence stability, Valence change