物理化学学报 >> 2003, Vol. 19 >> Issue (07): 666-669.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20030721

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

超声促进浸渍法制备催化剂LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3

梁新义;张黎明;丁宏远;秦永宁   

  1. 天津商学院工学院,天津 300400; 1天津大学化工学院,天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2002-12-10 修回日期:2003-03-04 发布日期:2003-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 梁新义 E-mail:liangxyi@sina.com

Supported Catalyst LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3 Prepared by Impregnating under Ultrasound

Liang Xin-Yi;Zhang Li-Ming;Ding Hong-Yuan;Qin Yong-Ning   

  1. School of Engineering of Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300400; 1Chemical Engineering College of Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072
  • Received:2002-12-10 Revised:2003-03-04 Published:2003-07-15
  • Contact: Liang Xin-Yi E-mail:liangxyi@sina.com

摘要: 使用超声波促进浸渍法制备了负载纳米钙钛矿型催化剂LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3,考察了超声波辐照对催化剂性质的影响.实验结果表明,在浸渍过程施加超声波辐照可以显著缩短浸渍时间、增加活性组分的负载量和孔内含量、提高活性组分的分散度,使催化剂对NO分解反应的催化活性增加.

关键词: 超声波, 钙钛矿型复合氧化物, 负载催化剂, 制备

Abstract: The supported catalyst LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3 was prepared by ultrasound during the impregnating preparation steps and the effects of ultrasound with various frequencies on the properties of catalyst were investigated in this paper.   For the preparation of LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3, 5 g ofγ-Al2O3 ( 20 mesh) was added to 20 mL of molar ratio 1:1 mixture of aqueous solution of La(NO3)3 and Co(NO3)2. Ultrasonic irradiation was performed with direct immersion horn (with various frequencies i.e. 33, 40, 50 and 70 kHz) at 20 ℃. The precursors were filtered off, washed with water, dried for 2 h at 120 ℃ and were calcined for 5 h at 850 ℃. The formation of LaCoO3 was determined by XRD. Another sample (O# sample) for comparision LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3 was prepared under the same experimental conditions and steps except ultrasonic irradiation was replaced by mechanical stirring for 2 h in impregnating step.   The effects of ultrasonic irradiation frequencies and irradiation time in impregnating step on loading of LaCoO3 were studied. The results showed that ultrasonic irradiation could decrease impregnating time and increase loading of LaCoO3. And ultrasonic irradiation with 50 kHz frequencies showed the best experimental result. The loading of LaCoO3 of LaCoO3/γ-Al2O3 ( 1# sample ), prepared by ultrasonic irradiation ( with 50 kHz for 5 min), was 25% more than that of 0# sample. Transmission electron micrograph showed that on the support surface of 1# sample, the average particle size of LaCoO3 was 8 nm. The scanning electron micrographs and electron microprobe analyzer scans showed that on the support surface of 1# sample, distribution of LaCoO3 particles was better compared with that on the support surface of 0# sample. Using the BET method, surface area and pore distribution were determined. They were 133.17 m2•g-1(1# sample) and 114.71 m2•g-1 (0# sample )respectirely. 1# sample have more micropores than 0# sample. According to the results of activities evaluation of decomposition of NO, the catalytic activity of 1# sample was higher than that of 0# sample. Therefore, using ultrasonic irradiation in the impregnating step of catalyst preparation is an effective method for enhancing catalytic activity of the catalyst.

Key words: Ultrasound, Provskitetype oxide, Supported catalyst, Preparation