物理化学学报 >> 2003, Vol. 19 >> Issue (09): 849-853.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20030914

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

利用钐掺杂的氧化铈夹层提高燃料电池阳极的活性

王世忠;Ishihara Tatsumi   

  1. 厦门大学化学系,厦门 361005;Department of Applied Chemistry, Oita University, Dannoharu 700, Oita 870-1192, Japan
  • 收稿日期:2003-01-13 修回日期:2003-05-12 发布日期:2003-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 王世忠 E-mail:shizwang@sohu.com

Improvement of the Performance of Fuel Cells Anodes with Sm3+ Doped CeO2 Interlayer

Wang Shi-Zhong;Ishihara Tatsumi   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005; 1Department of Applied Chemistry, Oita University, Dannoharu 700, Oita 870-1192, Japan
  • Received:2003-01-13 Revised:2003-05-12 Published:2003-09-15
  • Contact: Wang Shi-Zhong E-mail:shizwang@sohu.com

摘要: 考察了Ni-钐掺杂的氧化铈(Ni-SDC)复合阳极与La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3(LSGM)电解质中间加入的SDC 中间层对阳极及整个电池性能的影响.结果表明,SDC中间层的加入显著减小了阳极极化过电位,但同时引入了欧姆降,降低了电池的功率输出密度.氢在Ni-SDC电极的氧化主要由两个过程控制,分别对应于交流阻抗谱的两个阻抗半圆,高频环随着SDC中间层的加入显著减小,可能对应于H2在Ni-SDC/SDC/H2三相界的电化学氧化或氧从LSGM向SDC的传输,低频环与SDC中间层无关,可能对应于氢在电极表面的解离吸附及吸附物种的扩散过程.使用Ni-SDC/SDC夹层阳极可以明显地提高电池的稳定性.

关键词: 镍阳极, 双层阳极, 极化, 交流阻抗, 固体氧化物燃料电池(SOFC)

Abstract: An interlayer of samaria doped ceria(SDC) was prepared between Ni-SDC composite electrode and LSGM(La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3) electrolyte using screen-printing method to improve the performance of Ni anodes. The effect of this interlayer on the performance of anode as well as the cell was studied using various electrochemical techniques. The results show that addition of the SDC interlayer reduced the anodic over-potential significantly, however, the ohmic resistance of the cell with an SDC interlayer increased, which leaded to a decrease of the power output. The electrochemical oxidation of H2 on Ni-SDC anodes was controlled by two processes, which corresponded to two arcs in the impedance spectra. The high frequency arc decreased with the addition of SDC interlayer, and could correspond to the electrochemical reaction at three-phase-boundary (TPB) or the transfer of oxygen ions from LSGM to SDC. The low frequency arc showed no dependency on the addition of SDC, and could be related to the adsorption and diffusion of H2 at the surface of electrode. The cells with an SDC interlayer showed much better stability compared with the cell using single layer anode, and the performance of the cell with Ni-SDC/SDC (1573 K) anode was higher than the cell with a single layer Ni-SDC anode after long time running.

Key words: Nickle anode, Bilayer anode, Polarization, AC impedance,