物理化学学报 >> 2004, Vol. 20 >> Issue (04): 360-363.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040405

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

自由体积与亲水性对环氧涂层防护性能的影响

张树永;孔燕;丁遗福;李善君;周伟舫   

  1. 山东大学化学与化工学院,济南 250100; 复旦大学高分子科学系,上海 200433; 复旦大学化学系,上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2003-10-06 修回日期:2003-11-24 发布日期:2004-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 张树永 E-mail:syzhang@sdu.edu.cn

Effect of Free Volume and Water Affinity on Corrosion Protection of Epoxy Resin Coatings

Zhang Shu-Yong;Kong Yan;Ding Yi-Fu;Li Shan-Jun;Zhou Wei-Fang   

  1. School of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100;Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433;Department of Chemistry, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2003-10-06 Revised:2003-11-24 Published:2004-04-15
  • Contact: Zhang Shu-Yong E-mail:syzhang@sdu.edu.cn

摘要: 报道了涂层聚合物自由体积和亲水性对涂层腐蚀防护性能影响的初步研究结果.实验表明,相对于自由体积,树脂的亲水性是决定树脂吸水率的更主要因素.低亲水性涂层腐蚀防护性能的提高主要源自到达涂层/金属界面的水量的显著降低.但由于采用活性酯固化的环氧树脂涂层中水通道的尺寸相对较大,水合离子扩散较容易,因此该类涂层覆盖下的金属基体被润湿部分的腐蚀趋势反而较一般涂层为大.

关键词: 环氧树脂, 自由体积, 亲水性, 吸水率, 腐蚀防护

Abstract: The effect of free volume and water affinity of coating polymers on the corrosion protection of epoxy resin coatings was evaluated using a series of epoxy resin coatings obtained by curing o-cresol novolac epoxy resin with mixed hardener comprising novolac resin (NOV) and novolac acetate resin (NOVA) in different molar ratios. It was found that, as the molar content of NOVA increased, the room- temperature density of the cured resins decreased with increase in free volume and decrease in water affinity. The results of the water sorption of the resins suggested that water affinity is more important than free volume in determining water sorption of the coatings. While the water sorption of the coating decreased linearly with the decrease of water affinity of the coating, the corrosion protection of the coatings increased much more significantly. The great improvement in corrosion protection of the coating with less water affinity can be mainly attributed to the less amount of water that reaches the coating/metal interface as demonstrated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurement. However, owing to the larger diameter of the water passages in the NOVA cured epoxy resin matrix, diffusion of hydrated ion to the polymer/coating interface is easier which resulted in an increase of the concentration of corrosive ions in the interfacial region, and therefore, the corrosion tendency of the metal substrate at the wetted places under the coating is larger than that of general coating.

Key words: Epoxy resin, Free volume, Water affinity, Water sorption, Corrosion protection