物理化学学报 >> 2004, Vol. 20 >> Issue (04): 424-427.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040420

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

负载贵金属光催化剂的光催化活性研究

张金龙;赵文娟;陈海军;徐华胜;陈爱平;安保正一   

  1. 华东理工大学精细化工研究所;华东理工大学超细材料制备与应用教育部重点实验室,上海 200237;大阪府立大学工学部,大阪 599-8531,日本
  • 收稿日期:2003-09-12 修回日期:2003-11-27 发布日期:2004-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 张金龙 E-mail:jlzhang@ecust.edu.cn

Study of Loaded Photocatalysts by Precious Metals on the Photocatalytic Reactivity

Zhang Jin-Long;Zhao Wen-Juan;Chen Hai-Jun;Xu Hua-Sheng;Chen Ai-Ping;Anpo Masa-Kazu   

  1. Institute of Fine Chemicals, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237; 1Key Laboratory for Ultrofine Materials of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237;Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Sakai,Osaka 599-8531, Japan
  • Received:2003-09-12 Revised:2003-11-27 Published:2004-04-15
  • Contact: Zhang Jin-Long E-mail:jlzhang@ecust.edu.cn

摘要: 在注入V离子的二氧化钛光催化剂上负载贵金属,制备了在可见光照射下具有高光催化活性的功能型光催化剂,研究在可见光和太阳光照射下丙炔的光催化水解反应,利用这些改性的二氧化钛构筑太阳能到化学能的转换系统.研究结果发现了V/Pt光催化剂在丙炔和水的光催化水解反应中,由于贵金属的存在,有利于促进发生加氢反应;导致丙烯的生成量增加.在可见光下的光催化活性也和负载贵金属所处的氧化状态有着密切的关系,贵金属完全被还原到0价是提高光催化活性的必要条件.

关键词: 二氧化钛, 光催化剂, 可见光, 贵金属负载, 离子注入

Abstract: The functional photocatalysts of high photocatalytic reactivity under visible light irradiation were prepared by loading precious metals on the vanadium ion implanted titanium oxide. The photocatalytic hydrolysis reaction of methylacetylene was studied under the visible light and solar beam. Those modified titanium oxides were used to construct conversion system of solar to chemical energy. It was found from experimental results that existence of precious metals on the V/TiO2 photocatalysts has the advantage of promotion of hydrogenation reaction in photocatalytic hydrolysis reaction of methylacetylene, and increase of propene product. The photocatalytic reactivities under visible light irradiation have a close relationship with oxidation states of the precious metals on titanium oxide and it is necessary for increasing photcatalytic reactivities that precious metals be reduced to 0 valence.

Key words: Titanium oxide, Photocatalyst, Visible light, Precious metal loaded,  Ion implant