物理化学学报 >> 2004, Vol. 20 >> Issue (09): 1134-1137.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20040915

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

贫水电解质体系制备多孔阳极氧化铝模板的研究

王凡;卫庆硕;张玉玲;吴凯;谢有畅   

  1. 北京大学化学与分子工程学院,物理化学研究所,分子动态与稳态结构国家重点实验室,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-30 修回日期:2004-05-10 发布日期:2004-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 吴凯 E-mail:kaiwu@chem.pku.edu.cn

Preparation of Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Water-Deficient Electrolytes

Wang Fan;Wei Qing-Shuo;Zhang Yu-Ling;Wu Kai;Xie You-Chang   

  1. State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, Institute of Physical Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2004-03-30 Revised:2004-05-10 Published:2004-09-15
  • Contact: Wu Kai E-mail:kaiwu@chem.pku.edu.cn

摘要: 在有机溶剂为主的含草酸电解质中,研究了大孔径有序度高的阳极氧化铝(AAO)的一步法电化学制备.实验证实,电解质中水含量的降低能够有效抑制铝的电氧化速率和溶解速率,使得其氧化膜孔道的生长能够稳定进行,所得到的六方孔道排列有序度明显高于纯水溶剂制备的电解质体系下的产物.考察了水含量、有机溶剂种类以及电解质浓度对AAO模板孔道形貌的影响.结果表明,有机溶剂贫水电解质体系使得电氧化电压的选取范围比水溶液电解质体系更宽,孔径连续可调,反应条件温和.该方法适合于制备均匀大孔径的AAO模板.

关键词: 阳极氧化铝(AAO), 贫水电解质, 孔生长

Abstract: Well-ordered large-pore anodic aluminum oxide membranes were one-step prepared in water-deficient electrolytes using ethanol as main solvent. The effects of water content, electrolyte concentration and solvent types were studied with the help of SEM. The results showed that the involved electrochemical anodization and corrosion could be controlled by changing the amount of water added in the electrolyte, and the pores of the AAO membranes could be made in a controlled manner within a long reaction time. The pores were hexagonally ordered and narrowly diameter-distributed ((95±13) nm) in comparison with those produced with normal electrolytes using water as the sole solvent ((95±30) nm). With this method, the applied anodizing voltage spans a wider range, and so does the tuning of the pore diameters. This approach can broaden the application of the AAO templates in the fabrication and processing of nanoarrays and porous materials.

Key words: Anodic aluminum oxide(AAO), Water-deficient el ectrolytes, Pore growth