物理化学学报 >> 2005, Vol. 21 >> Issue (03): 324-327.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20050320

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

MSU-SMFI和MCM-41的催化裂化及烷基化活性比较

郑均林; 翟尚儒; 杨东江; 张晔; 吴东; 孙予罕   

  1. 中国科学院山西煤炭化学研究所,煤转化国家重点实验室,太原 030001; 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2004-07-06 修回日期:2004-09-25 发布日期:2005-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 孙予罕 E-mail:yhsun@sxicc.ac.cn

Comparison on the Catalytic Cracking and Alkylation Activities between MSU-SMFI and MCM-41 Aluminosilicates

ZHENG Jun-Lin; ZHAI Shang-Ru; YANG Dong-Jiang; ZHANG Ye; WU Dong; SUN Yu-Han   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001; Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039
  • Received:2004-07-06 Revised:2004-09-25 Published:2005-03-15
  • Contact: SUN Yu-Han E-mail:yhsun@sxicc.ac.cn

摘要: 以MFI沸石前驱体作为基本结构单元组装介孔硅铝分子筛MSU-SMFI. XRD和氮气吸附数据表明MSU-SMFI具有类似MCM-41的六方排列介孔孔道结构,而且其织构参数和以传统方法合成的含铝MCM-41也大体相当.NH3-TPD显示由沸石前驱体组装的MSU-SMFI较硅铝比相同的含铝MCM-41介孔分子筛的固体酸量显著提高.MSU-SMFI上的异丙苯催化裂化转化率比含铝MCM-41提高31%, 1,3,5-三异丙苯在MSU-SMFI上也发生了更深的裂解. MSU-SMFI上萘的叔丁基化的转化率比含铝MCM-41提高了15%.以沸石前驱体作为基本结构单元是提高介孔分子筛固体酸性的有效方法.

关键词: 介孔分子筛, 催化裂化, 烷基化, 酸性, 沸石前驱体

Abstract: Mesoporous aluminosilicates MSU-SMFI with well-ordered hexagonal symmetry were assembled from MFI zeolitic precursors containing abundant protozeolitic nanoclusters. Normal MCM-41 was synthesized by using tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and sodium aluminate as silica source and aluminum source,respectively. The pore diameter of MSU-SMFI sample and normal MCM-41 both are 2.70 nm, and their BET specific surface areas and pore volumes are comparable as seen from XRD and N2 sorption results. Although both MSU-SMFI and MCM-41 possess weak acidic sites and medium strong acidic sites in NH3-TPD profiles, the density of weak acidic sites and medium strong acidic sites in MSU-SMFI are much higher than that of MCM-41.The catalytic cracking conversion of cumene on MSU-SMFI is 31% higher than that on MCM-41 with the same Si/Al ratio, and the butylation conversion of naphthalene over MSU-SMFI is 15% higher than that on the MCM-41 sample. Incorporation of MFI zeolitic nanoclusters into the mesostructured framework of MSU-SMFI led to enhanced acidity.

Key words: Mesoporous aluminosilicates, Catalytic cracking, Alkylation, Acidity