物理化学学报 >> 2006, Vol. 22 >> Issue (03): 373-377.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20060324

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

NanoTiO2-CNT复合膜电极在DMF溶液中对糠醛的异相电催化还原

褚道葆; 张莉艳; 张金花; 张秀梅; 尹晓娟   

  1. 安徽师范大学化学与材料科学学院, 安徽省功能性分子固体重点实验室, 安徽 芜湖 241000; 池州师范专科学校化学系, 安徽 池州 247000
  • 收稿日期:2005-09-22 修回日期:2005-10-26 发布日期:2006-03-10
  • 通讯作者: 褚道葆 E-mail:dbchu@sina.com

Heterogeneous Electrocatalytic Reduction of Furfural on Nanocrystalline TiO2-CNT Complex Film Electrode in DMF Solution

CHU Dao-Bao; ZHANG Li-Yan; ZHANG Jin-Hua; ZHANG Xiu-Mei; YIN Xiao-Juan   

  1. Anhui Key Laboratory of Functional Molecular Solids, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, P. R. China; Department of Chemistry, Chizhou Normal Technological Academy, Chizhou 247000, P. R. China
  • Received:2005-09-22 Revised:2005-10-26 Published:2006-03-10
  • Contact: CHU Dao-Bao E-mail:dbchu@sina.com

摘要: 通过在乙醇中电化学溶解Ti金属阳极合成前驱体Ti(OEt)4和溶胶-凝胶法在Ti表面修饰一层纳米TiO2-碳纳米管(nanoTiO2-CNT)复合膜, 采用循环伏安和电解合成法研究了nanoTiO2-CNT复合膜电极在N, N-二甲基甲酰胺(DMF)中的氧化还原行为以及对糠醛(furfural)还原的电催化活性. 结果发现, nanoTiO2-CNT电极在阴极扫描时有两对氧化还原峰, 可逆半波电位E r1/2 分别为-1.27 V和-2.44 V(vs SCE, 扫描速度100 mV•s-1), 分别对应于TiO2/Ti2O3氧化还原电对的可逆电极过程和TiO2/Ti(OH)3电对的准可逆电极过程;在DMF电解液中nanoTiO2-CNT复合膜中的Ti(IV)/Ti(III)氧化还原电对作为媒质间接电还原糠醛为糠醇, 反应机理为电化学偶联随后化学催化反应(EC′)机理.

关键词: 糠醛, 电催化还原, 糠醇, 纳米TiO2, 碳纳米管, 复合膜电极

Abstract: The precursor Ti(OEt)4 was prepared by anodic dissolution of metallic titanium in absolute ethanol and directly hydrolyzed to prepare nanocrystalline TiO2-carbon nanotube(nanoTiO2-CNT) complex film by a sol-gel process. Redox behavior and electrocatalytic activities of the nanoTiO2-CNT complex film electrode were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and bulk electrolysis in DMF solution. It was found that there were two pairs of well-defined redox peaks for nanoTiO2-CNT complex film electrode with Er1/2 of -1.27 V and -2.44 V(vs SCE) at 100 mV•s-1 in correspondence with TiO2/Ti2O3 reversible and TiO2/Ti(OH)3 quasi-reversible electrode process, and the heterogeneous electrocatalytic reduction activities of TiO2/Ti(OH)3 redox system for furfural; The indirect electroreduction of furfural to furfural alcohol by Ti(IV)/Ti(III) redox system on nanoTiO2-CNT complex film surface in DMF. The electrode reaction mechanism is the called catalytic (EC′) mechanism.

Key words: Furfural, Electrocatalytic reduction, Furfural alcohol, Nanocrystalline TiO2, Carbon nanotube, Complex film electrode