物理化学学报 >> 2007, Vol. 23 >> Issue (03): 389-393.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20070320

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

PtRu合金薄膜结构及其催化性能

杨喜昆;李旸;衡根华   

  1. (昆明理工大学分析测试研究中心, 昆明 650091; 昆明贵金属研究所, 昆明 650221)
  • 收稿日期:2006-07-17 修回日期:2006-11-09 发布日期:2007-03-07
  • 通讯作者: 杨喜昆 E-mail:yxk630@public.km.yn.cn

Structure and Catalytic Properties of PtRu Alloy Thin-film

YANG Xi-Kun;LI Yang;HENG Gen-Hua   

  1. (Research Center for Analysis and Measurement, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650091, P. R. China; Kunming Institute of Precious Metals, Kunming 650221, P. R. China)
  • Received:2006-07-17 Revised:2006-11-09 Published:2007-03-07
  • Contact: YANG Xi-Kun E-mail:yxk630@public.km.yn.cn

摘要: 采用离子束溅射技术(IBS)在碳纤维布基底上制备PtRu/C合金薄膜作为燃料电池电极催化材料. 应用XPS、XRD、GIXD、AFM等分析手段研究了PtRu薄膜表面的成分、化学状态、表面形貌以及PtRu薄膜的表层、次表层和体相的结构. 结果表明, 在双束离子沉积过程中, 由于溅射产生的Pt+和Ru+之间的相互作用, 使薄膜表面的化学状态和薄膜表层(15-40 nm范围内)结构发生了变化, 并影响PtRu薄膜的催化性能. 当xPt/xRu=0.64时, PtRu薄膜出现Ru固溶体在表层富集, 并在表层诱发形成Pt39Ru61非晶相.

关键词: 离子束溅射, PtRu合金薄膜, 表层结构, 择优取向, 催化活性

Abstract: A PtRu alloy thin-film used for catalytic electrodes of fuel cells was fabricated by ion beam sputtering (IBS). The structure, surface layer structure, chemical composition, surface chemical state, and morphology of the PtRu alloy thin-film were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was shown that the surface chemical state and structure in the top layer (from 15-40 nm) of PtRu alloy thin-film were changed due to the strong interaction between Pt+ and Ru+ during the ion beam sputtering deposition process, which also affected the catalytic activity of the PtRu alloy thin-film. In particular, when the atomic ratio of xPt/xRu was 0.64, enrichment of the Ru solid solution and amorphous phase Pt39Ru61 were observed on the surface layer of PtRu alloy thin-film.

Key words: Ion beam sputtering, PtRu alloy thin-film, Surface layer structure, Preferred orientation, Catalytic activity