物理化学学报 >> 2007, Vol. 23 >> Issue (05): 671-675.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20070510

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

外电场作用下寡聚苯分子导线的性质

阚蓉蓉; 刘洪梅; 叶原丰; 李鹏; 尹星; 赵健伟   

  1. 南京大学化学化工学院, 生命分析化学教育部重点实验室, 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-14 修回日期:2006-12-13 发布日期:2007-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 赵健伟 E-mail:Zhaojw@nju.edu.cn

Properties of Oligo-polyphenylene Molecular Wires under External Electric Field

KAN Rong-Rong; LIU Hong-Mei; YE Yuan-Feng; LI Peng; YIN Xing; ZHAO Jian-Wei   

  1. Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
  • Received:2006-09-14 Revised:2006-12-13 Published:2007-04-28
  • Contact: ZHAO Jian-Wei E-mail:Zhaojw@nju.edu.cn

摘要: 利用Hartree-Fock 方法在6-31G*水平上对聚苯分子进行了计算研究. 分别从几何构型、分子轨道空间分布和分子轨道能级三个方面讨论了外电场对寡聚苯分子导线的影响, 给出了分子导线的性质与外电场的关系. 进一步, 连接硫原子于聚苯分子的两端, 并共价结合在金电极上. 利用非平衡格林函数方法对其在0-2.0 V 偏压下电子输运特征进行了深入研究.

关键词: 聚苯, 分子导线, 分子构型, 分子轨道, 从头算

Abstract: Theoretical investigations of conducting molecular wire of oligo-polyphenylene molecules under external electronic field were carried out using ab initio Hartree-Fock method with 6-31G* basis set. The electric field dependence of the molecular geometry, electronic structure, the spatial distribution, and the energy level of the frontier orbitals of the molecular wire was revealed. The torsion angle deviation was a function of square of electric field. When the external electric field increased, the torsion angles became smaller, the single bonds became shorter, and the molecular configuration tended to be more planar. All these features made the molecular wire more conjugated. The molecular electronic structure was sensitive to the electric field as well. With increasing electric field, the HOMO-LUMO gap decreased. Moreover, the spatial distribution of LUMO moved to the high potential end, whereas HOMO to the low potential end. Furthermore, the polyphenylene (PP) molecule with sulfur atoms bridged between two gold electrodes was studied by non-equilibrium Green's function formalism to further understand the electron transport of molecular wire under external electric field.

Key words:

Polyphenylene, Molecular wire, Molecular conformation, Molecular orbitals, Ab initio method

MSC2000: 

  • O641