物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (02): 269-274.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080215

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

8-羟基鸟嘌呤自由基的开环反应机理

侯若冰; 李伟伟; 沈星灿   

  1. 广西师范大学化学化工学院, 广西 桂林 541004
  • 收稿日期:2007-08-07 修回日期:2007-10-12 发布日期:2008-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 侯若冰 E-mail:rbhou@163.com

Ring-Opening Reaction Mechanism of 8-Hydroxyguanine Radical

HOU Ruo-Bing; LI Wei-Wei; SHEN Xing-Can   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, Guangxi Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2007-08-07 Revised:2007-10-12 Published:2008-01-26
  • Contact: HOU Ruo-Bing E-mail:rbhou@163.com

摘要: 使用经实验校准的B3LYP/DZP++方法研究了8-羟基鸟嘌呤自由基的开环反应机理. 计算结果表明, 该反应先后历经C8—N9键的断裂、羟基H原子向N7原子转移两个步骤完成, 转移中的H原子具有阳离子的特征. 当没有水存在时, 羟基H原子的转移反应需经历一个四元环的过渡态, 具有较高的活化能, 反应较困难. 但如果有水分子存在, 羟基H原子的转移步骤将经历一个低活化能的六元环过渡态, 使整个8-羟基鸟嘌呤自由基的开环反应可以在较温和的条件下顺利完成. 在无水催化时, 羟基H转移是反应的速率控制步骤; 而有水催化时, 反应的速率由C8—N9键的断裂步骤控制.

关键词: 8-羟基鸟嘌呤自由基, 开环反应, 氢迁移反应, 水催化

Abstract: The theoretical studies on the mechanisms of ring-opening reaction of 8-hydroxyguanine radical were performed by the experimentally calibrated theoretical method of B3LYP/DZP++. All of the computational results revealed that the ring-opening reaction occured through a pathway including two elementary reactions, the C8—N9 bond-broken step followed by a transfer step of cation-like hydrogen atom of the hydroxyl moiety. The high activation energy in the transfer reaction of hydrogen atom in the absence of water led this reaction to be somewhat difficult; on the contrary, the hydrogen transfer might occur feasibly with assistance of one water molecule due to the formation of a six-member ring transition state which was beneficial to lower the reaction activation energy. The difference of the activation energies of two elementary reactions demonstrated that the rate-limiting steps of ring-opening reaction in the absence of water and in the presence of water were the hydrogen transfer step and C8—N9 bond-broken process, respectively.

Key words: 8-Hydroxyguanine radical, Ring-opening reaction, H-transfer reaction, Catalytic action of water

MSC2000: 

  • O641