物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (06): 1115-1119.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20080636

研究简报 上一篇    下一篇

新型氧化铝空心球的制备及表征

庞利萍; 赵瑞红; 郭奋; 陈建峰; 崔文广   

  1. 北京化工大学, 纳米材料先进制备技术与应用科学教育部重点实验室, 北京 100029; 河北科技大学化学与制药工程学院, 石家庄 050018; 石家庄学院化工学院, 石家庄 050035
  • 收稿日期:2008-01-23 修回日期:2008-03-10 发布日期:2008-06-03
  • 通讯作者: 郭奋 E-mail:guof@mail.buct.edu.cn

Preparation and Characterization of Novel Alumina Hollow Spheres

PANG Li-Ping; ZHAO Rui-Hong; GUO Fen; CHEN Jian-Feng; CUI Wen-Guang   

  1. Key Laboratory for Nanomaterials, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, P. R. China; School of Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, P. R. China; College of Chemical Engineering, Shijiazhuang University, Shijiazhuang 050035, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-01-23 Revised:2008-03-10 Published:2008-06-03
  • Contact: GUO Fen E-mail:guof@mail.buct.edu.cn

摘要: 以胶体碳球为模板, 廉价的硝酸铝为铝源, 成功制备出了新型的大小可控的氧化铝空心球. 通过透射电子显微镜(TEM)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、能量扩散X射线(EDX)、X射线粉末衍射(XRD)等手段对合成产品进行了表征, 并考察了不同合成条件对空心球形貌的影响. 实验结果表明, 合成的氧化铝空心球大小均一, 粒径及壁厚均可调节. 在该实验条件下, 硝酸铝浓度及吸附时间的改变对产品结果没有明显的影响, 而吸附温度的改变引起了产品表面光滑度及壁厚的改变.

关键词: 胶体碳球, 模板, 氧化铝, 空心球

Abstract: Novel size-tunable alumina hollow spheres were successfully prepared using colloidal carbon spheres as templates and aluminum nitrate as alumina source. The samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The influences of the synthesis conditions such as reaction time, reaction temperature, and the concentration of Al(NO3)3 were studied. According to the experiment, the synthesized alumina hollow spheres with a narrow size distribution showed tunable shell thickness and uniform shell. The morphology of the alumina hollow spheres was influenced mainly by the reaction temperature.

Key words: Colloidal carbon spheres, Templates, Alumina, Hollow spheres

MSC2000: 

  • O648