物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (10): 1884-1890.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20081025

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

水合烟酸钡的合成、±结构表征和热化学性质

邸友莹; 孔玉霞; 张双; 杨伟伟; 武恩申; 史全; 谭志诚   

  1. 聊城大学化学化工学院, 山东 聊城 252059; 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所热化学实验室, 辽宁 大连 116023
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-12 修回日期:2008-06-09 发布日期:2008-10-08
  • 通讯作者: 邸友莹 E-mail:yydi@lcu.edu.cn;diyouying@126.com

Synthesis, Characterization and Thermochemistry of the Hydrated Barium Nicotinate

DI You-Ying; KONG Yu-Xia; ZHANG Shuang; YANG Wei-Wei; WU En-Shen; SHI Quan; TAN Zhi-Cheng   

  1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059, Shandong Province, P. R. China; Thermochemistry Laboratory, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-03-12 Revised:2008-06-09 Published:2008-10-08
  • Contact: DI You-Ying E-mail:yydi@lcu.edu.cn;diyouying@126.com

摘要: 选择烟酸和氢氧化钡作为反应物, 利用室温固相合成方法, 借助于球磨技术, 合成了一种新的化合物——水合烟酸钡. 利用化学分析、元素分析、FTIR和X射线粉末衍射等方法确定了它的组成和结构为Ba(Nic)2·3H2O(s). 利用精密自动绝热热量计直接测定了此化合物在78-400 K温区的摩尔热容. 在热容曲线上出现了一个明显的吸热峰, 通过对热容曲线的解析, 得到了相变过程的峰温、相变焓和相变熵分别为(327.097±1.082) K、(16.793±0.084) kJ·mol-1和(51.340±0.164) J·K-1·mol-1. 将该温区的摩尔热容实验值用最小二乘法拟合得到摩尔热容(Cp,m)对温度(T)的多项式方程, 并且在此基础上计算出了它的舒平热容值和各种热力学函数值. 另外, 依据Hess定律, 通过设计合理的热化学循环, 选择体积为100 mL、浓度为0.5 mol·L-1的盐酸作为量热溶剂, 利用等温环境溶解-反应热量计分别测量固相反应的反应物和产物在所选溶剂中的溶解焓, 利用溶解焓确定固相反应的反应焓为⊿rH0m=-(84.12±0.38) kJ·mol-1. 最后, 利用固相反应的反应焓和其它反应物和产物已知的热力学数据计算出水合烟酸钡的标准摩尔生成焓为⊿fH0m[Ba(Nic)2·3H2O(s)]=-(2115.13±1.90) kJ·mol-1.

关键词: 烟酸钡, 室温固相合成, 绝热量热法, 低温热容, 等温环境溶解-反应热量计, 标准摩尔生成焓

Abstract: A new compound, barium nicotinate trihydrate, was synthesized by the method of room temperature solid phase synthesis and ball grinder. FTIR, chemical and elemental analyses, and X-ray powder diffraction techniques were applied to characterize the structure and composition of the complex. Low-temperature heat capacities of the solid coordination compound were measured by a precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from78 to 400 K. A phase transition process occurred in the temperature range of 312-332 K in the heat capacity curve, and the peak temperature, molar enthalpy and entropy of the solid-to-solid phase transition of the complex were determined to be as follows: Ttrs=(327.097±1.082) K, ⊿trsHm=(16.793±0.084) kJ·mol-1 and ⊿trsSm=(51.340±0.164) J·K-1·mol-1. The experimental values of the molar heat capacities in the temperature regions of 78-311 K and 333 -400 K were respectively fitted to two polynomial equations. The polynomial fitted values of the molar heat capacities and fundamental thermodynamic functions of the sample relative to the standard reference temperature of 298.15 K were calculated and tabulated at an interval of 5 K. In accordance with Hess law, a thermochemical cycle was designed, the reaction enthalpy of the solid phase reaction was determined as ⊿rH0m
=-(84.12±0.38) kJ·mol-1, and the standard molar enthalpy of formation of the complex was calculated as ⊿fH0m[Ba(Nic)2·3H2O(s)]=-(2115.13±1.90) kJ·mol-1 by using an isoperibol solution-reaction calorimeter.

Key words: Ba(Nic)2·3H2O(s), Roomtemperature solid phase synthesis, Adiabatic calorimetry, Heat capacity at low temperature, Isoperibol solution-reaction calorimeter, Standard molar enthalpy of formation

MSC2000: 

  • O642