物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (11): 2013-2018.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20081113

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

甲醇在Pt-Mo(111)/C表面上的吸附

李来才; 王译伟; 田安民   

  1. 四川师范大学化学与材料学院, 成都 610066; 四川大学化学学院, 成都 610064
  • 收稿日期:2008-04-21 修回日期:2008-07-09 发布日期:2008-11-10
  • 通讯作者: 李来才 E-mail:lilcmail@163.com

Adsorption of Methanol on the Pt-Mo(111)/C Surface

LI Lai-Cai; WANG Yi-Wei; TIAN An-Min   

  1. College of Chemistry and Material Science, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610066, P. R. China; College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-04-21 Revised:2008-07-09 Published:2008-11-10
  • Contact: LI Lai-Cai E-mail:lilcmail@163.com

摘要: 采用密度泛函理论和周期平板模型相结合的方法, 对CH3OH分子在Pt-Mo(111)/C表面的顶位、穴位和桥位共计9种吸附模型进行了构型优化、能量计算和频率分析, 结果表明top-Pt位是较有利的吸附位. Mo掺杂后价带与导带位置均有不同程度的降低, 电子结构的变化使得Pt-Mo(111)/C的催化活性提高. 并且在考虑催化剂抗中毒性能时发现: CO在Pt(111)/C面上的吸附能比甲醇吸附能要高, CO在Pt-Mo(111)/C上的吸附能比甲醇的要低, 说明CO在Pt(111)/C面上的吸附会阻碍甲醇的吸附, 并影响催化过程的进行, 而Pt-Mo(111)/C的抗CO中毒化能力增强, 是催化氧化甲醇较好的催化剂.

关键词: 甲醇, Pt-Mo(111)/C表面, 密度泛函理论, 电子结构

Abstract: The density functional theory (DFT) and self-consistent periodic calculation were used to investigate the methanol adsorption on Pt-Mo(111)/C surface. The adsorption energy, equilibrium geometry and vibrational frequency of CH3OH on four sites (top, fcc, hcp and bridge) and nine types of models on Pt-Mo(111)/C surface were predicted and the favorite adsorption site for methanol is top-Pt site. After Mo is doped, the valence band and the conduction band position are depressed, and the change of the electronic structure enables the doped PtMo(111)/C to have a higher catalytic activity. Compared with the adsorption energy of CH3OHon Pt(111)/C surface, the adsorption energy of CO is higher, and Pt(111)/C is favorable to be oxidized and lose the activity. It indicates that the adsorption of COon Pt(111)/C surface counteracts the adsorption of CH3OH, which is disadvantageous for the process of catalysis. The catalyst Pt-Mo(111)/C which is in favor of decomposing methanol is of better antipoisoning ability than that of Pt(111)/C.

Key words: Methanol, Pt-Mo(111)/C surface, Density functional theory, Electronic structure

MSC2000: 

  • O641