物理化学学报 >> 2008, Vol. 24 >> Issue (11): 2071-2076.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20081123

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

SiO2复合Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S固溶体的光催化性能

胡元方; 李越湘; 彭绍琴; 吕功煊; 李树本   

  1. 南昌大学化学系, 南昌 330031; 中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所, 羰基合成与选择氧化国家重点实验室, 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2008-05-04 修回日期:2008-07-01 发布日期:2008-11-10
  • 通讯作者: 李越湘 E-mail:liyx@ncu.edu.cn

Photocatalytic Properties of Composite of SiO2 and Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S Solid Solutions

HU Yuan-Fang; LI Yue-Xiang; PENG Shao-Qin; LV Gong-Xuan; LI Shu-Ben   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, P. R. China; State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-05-04 Revised:2008-07-01 Published:2008-11-10
  • Contact: LI Yue-Xiang E-mail:liyx@ncu.edu.cn

摘要: 采用共沉淀法制备了Cd0.53Zn0.47S固溶体光催化剂, 以光还原沉积法负载Pt, 水解正硅酸乙酯负载SiO2, 得到了负载Pt的SiO2复合光催化剂SiO2/Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S, 并研究了水解pH值对其催化活性的影响. 通过X射线衍射(XRD)、比表面(BET)、荧光光谱(PL)、紫外-可见漫反射光谱(UV-Vis DRS)和扫描电镜(SEM)等测试技术对催化剂进行了表征. 结果表明, SiO2复合光催化剂有效地抑制了Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S光催化过程中发生的光腐蚀和粒子团聚, 促使光生电子和空穴分离, 从而使可见光制氢催化剂活性和稳定性大大提高.

关键词: 光催化剂, SiO2/Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S, 制氢, 固溶体

Abstract: Cd0.53Zn0.47S was prepared by a coprecipitation method. Pt was loaded onto Cd0.53Zn0.47S by photodeposition method. SiO2 was deposited onto Cd0.53Zn0.47S by hydrolysis of the tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), and the effect of the hydrolysis pH on the activity of the catalysts was studied. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area, photoluminescence (PL), UV-Vis diffusive reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. The composite SiO2 prevented effectively photocorrosion and coalescence of Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S nanoparticles during the photocatalytic reaction, and improved the charge separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. Therefore, the stability and the activity of Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S for photocatalytic hydrogen generation
under visible light irradiation were improved greatly.

Key words: Photocatalyst, SiO2/Pt-Cd0.53Zn0.47S, Hydrogen production, Solid solution

MSC2000: 

  • O643