物理化学学报 >> 2009, Vol. 25 >> Issue (04): 724-728.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090428

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

化学气相沉积法合成高结晶度的三元系Cd1-xZnxS纳米线

侯军伟 宋波 张志华 王文军 吴荣 孙言飞 郑毓峰 丁芃 简基康   

  1. 新疆大学物理学院, 乌鲁木齐 830046; 中国科学院物理研究所, 北京 100890; 北京航空航天大学理学院物理系, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2008-11-02 修回日期:2009-01-15 发布日期:2009-03-31
  • 通讯作者: 简基康 E-mail:jikangjian@gmail.com

Synthesis of Highly-Crystallized Ternary Cd1-xZnxS Nanowires by Chemical Vapor Deposition

HOU Jun-Wei, SONG Bo, ZHANG Zhi-Hua, WANG Wen-Jun, WU Rong, SUN Yan-Fei, ZHENG Yu-Feng, DING Peng, JIAN Ji-Kang   

  1. School of Physics, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, P. R. China; Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100890, P. R. China; 3Department of Physics, School of Science, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, P. R. China
  • Received:2008-11-02 Revised:2009-01-15 Published:2009-03-31
  • Contact: JIAN Ji-Kang E-mail:jikangjian@gmail.com

摘要:

以硫化锌、硫化镉和活性碳粉作为反应物, 利用化学气相沉积方法成功合成了单晶Cd1-xZnxS纳米线. 为了解产物的结构、形貌、组分、微结构以及声子振动模式, 对样品进行了扫描电镜、透射电镜、X射线衍射、能谱分析以及拉曼光谱分析. 分析显示合成的纳米线为六方铅锌矿结构, 生长方向沿着[210]方向, 长度均为10 μm, 直径在80-100 nm之间, x的值约为0.2. 拉曼光谱分析显示产物的拉曼峰位与纯CdS相比发生了蓝移.

关键词: Cd1-xZnxS, 纳米线, 化学气相沉积

Abstract:

Single crystal Cd1-xZnxS nanowires were directly synthesized by a simple chemical vapor deposition process using ZnS, CdS, and C powders as starting materials. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectrum (EDXS), and Raman spectrum were used to characterize the morphology, microstructure, composition and phonon modes of the products. It was found that single crystal ternary Cd1 -xZnxS nanowires with a composition x of about 0.2 are highly crystallized in a wurtzite structure and grow along the [210] direction with diameters in the range of 80-100 nm and lengths of up to tens of micrometers. Raman spectrumof nanowires showed small blue shifts compared to that of CdS.

Key words: Cd1-xZnxS, Nanowires, Chemical vapour deposition

MSC2000: 

  • O643