物理化学学报 >> 2009, Vol. 25 >> Issue (07): 1421-1426.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090735

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

酸性介质中碘离子在铂电极上的电化学氧化行为

高云芳, 于丽丽, 芦晴晴, 马淳安   

  1. 浙江工业大学化学工程与材料学院, 绿色化学合成技术国家重点实验室培育基地, 杭州 310014
  • 收稿日期:2009-03-02 修回日期:2009-04-09 发布日期:2009-06-26
  • 通讯作者: 高云芳 E-mail:gaoyf@zjut.edu.cn

Electrochemical Oxidation Behavior of Iodide on Platinum Electrode in Acid Solution

GAO Yun-Fang, YU Li-Li, LU Qing-Qing, MA Chun-An   

  1. State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, College of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-03-02 Revised:2009-04-09 Published:2009-06-26
  • Contact: GAO Yun-Fang E-mail:gaoyf@zjut.edu.cn

摘要:

采用循环伏安法研究了酸性介质中碘离子在铂电极上不同电位区间, 不同酸度下的电化学反应行为. 结果表明, 当极化电位较低(小于0.6 V(vs Hg/Hg2SO4))时, 碘离子在铂电极上发生2I--2e→I2电氧化反应, 反应产物通过I2+I-=I-3被进一步溶解, 整个反应属于E-C(electrochemical-chemical)模式. 电氧化过程中可以形成碘膜, 其也可以被碘离子溶解. 当极化电位升高至0.6 V(vs Hg/Hg2SO4)或以上时, 碘离子会直接电氧化为高价态碘化合物, I-+3H2O→IO-3+6H++6e, 而析出的碘膜并不发生再氧化反应; 在电化学还原过程中, 出现了两个还原峰, 分别对应于I2、I-3的还原反应; 在无碘膜时, 碘离子电氧化过程受溶液中碘离子的液相扩散步骤控制; 碘膜形成后, 主要受碘膜中碘离子的固相扩散控制; 酸度对于碘离子的电化学氧化过程有很大的影响, 其线性极化曲线的起峰电位及电流峰值电位均随酸浓度升高而负移.

关键词: 循环伏安法, 碘膜, 电氧化, 碘离子, 铂电极

Abstract:

The oxidation behavior of iodide ion on platinumelectrode in sulfuric acid media was investigated by the technique of cyclic voltammetry. The electrochemical performance showed that the electrochemical reaction of 2I--2e→I2 occurred when the potential scanning range lowered than 0.6 V(vs Hg/Hg2SO4). The obtained cyclic voltammograms were affected by the formation of iodine film and triiodide species. The whole reaction performance is consistent with electrochemical-chemical (E-C)model. Iodine filmcan be formed during electrochemical oxidation process and dissolved by chemical reaction of I2+I-=I-3 . When the electrode was polarized to over 0.6 V(vs Hg/Hg2SO4), high-valent iodine-containing compounds could be formed by I-+3H2O→IO-3+6H++6e, not by iodine which was the product of anodic oxidation. Two reduction peaks occurred during reverse cathodic potential scanning and they could be assigned to the reduction of iodine film and triiodide ion in the solution, respectively. The anodic oxidation of iodide ion is controlled by the liquid-phase diffusion process of iodide ion when there is no iodine film formed on the electrode. However, when iodine film is formed on the electrode, solid-phase diffusion process of iodide ion through the iodine film would become the rate determining step. In addition, the acidity of the solution would affect the process of anodic oxidation of iodide ion seriously. The onset potential and peak potential corresponding to the anodic current in linear sweep voltammetry are shifted to lower direction with the increase of acid concentration.

Key words: Cyclic voltammetry, Iodine film, Electrochemical oxidation, Iodide ion, Platinum electrode

MSC2000: 

  • O646.5