物理化学学报 >> 2009, Vol. 25 >> Issue (07): 1427-1433.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20090738

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

类蜘蛛丝聚合物结构及分子运动的固体核磁共振研究

邓益斌, 胡炳文, 周平   

  1. 聚合物分子工程教育部重点实验室, 复旦大学高分子科学系, 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2009-02-25 修回日期:2009-04-13 发布日期:2009-06-26
  • 通讯作者: 周平 E-mail:pingzhou@fudan.edu.cn

Solid-State NMR Studies of Structures and Molecular Motions for the Spidroin-Like Polymers

DENG Yi-Bin, HU Bing-Wen, ZHOU Ping   

  1. Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Ministry of Education, Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-02-25 Revised:2009-04-13 Published:2009-06-26
  • Contact: ZHOU Ping E-mail:pingzhou@fudan.edu.cn

摘要:

运用固体核磁共振(NMR)技术研究了聚丙氨酸多肽片段(Ala)5与高分子齐聚物聚苯乙烯(PS, 分子量2000)及聚异戊二烯(PI, 分子量2210)共聚而成的类蜘蛛丝蛋白聚合物——聚苯乙烯-co-聚丙氨酸聚合物(PS-co-PAL)和聚异戊二烯-co-聚丙氨酸聚合物(PI-co-PAL)的结构及分子运动. 聚合物13C CP/MAS NMR(交叉极化/魔角旋转核磁共振)谱及其旋转坐标系中自旋-晶格弛豫时间(T1ρ(13C))的结果表明, 此两种聚合物中多肽片段(Ala)5具有相同的化学位移, 即相似的化学环境和二级结构, 并具有相近的T1ρ(13C), 即类似的聚集态结构. 聚合物的宏观力学性质明显不同: 常温下, PS-co-PAL呈硬颗粒状, PI-co-PAL呈橡胶状且易拉伸. 结果说明聚合物力学性质与高分子链段的性质密切相关. PI-co-PAL聚合物的PI链段, 其骨架—CH2CH—的T1ρ为(5.3±0.4) ms, 而PS-co-PAL聚合物的PS链段, 其骨架—CH2CH—的T1ρ为(47.0±5.5) ms, 说明二聚合物中PI链段较PS链段更为柔软. 另外, 基于密度泛函理论(DFT)的化学位移计算证明, 聚合物PS-co-PAL和PI-co-PAL中多肽片段(Ala)5的二面角均为(-131°, 142°), 说明它们以β-折叠构象存在.

关键词: 多肽, 类蜘蛛丝蛋白聚合物, 高分子齐聚物, 固体核磁共振

Abstract:

Using 13C solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) we studied the structures of two spidroin-like polymers which were synthesized by the polymerization of polyalanine ((Ala)5) with oligomers of polystyrene(PS, MW=2000) and polyisoprene(PI, MW=2210). 13C CP/MAS (cross polarization/magic angle spinning) NMR spectra and spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating frame (T1ρ(13C)) results of the polymers indicated that the chemical shifts of (Ala)5 in both polymers of polystyrene-co-polyalanine (PS-co-PAL) and polyisoprene-co-polyalanine (PI-co-PAL) were almost the same. This means that (Ala)5 peptide segments in the two polymers have similar chemical environments and secondary structures. The similar T1ρ(13C) values for (Ala)5 in the two polymers indicate that (Ala)5 peptide segments also have similar aggregate structures. The mechanical properties of the two spidroin-like polymers are quite different: PS-co-PAL is granular and tough while PI-co-PAL is rubber-like and tensible at roomtemperature. This indicates that the mechanical performances of spidroin-like polymers are strongly linked to the properties of the chosen polymers. The T1ρ(13C) values of the skeletons —CH2CH— in PI-co-PAL and PS-co-PAL were (5.3±0.4) and (47.0±5.5) ms, respectively, which indicates that PI segments are softer than PS segments in the polymers. In addition, the density functimal theory (DFT) based chemical shift calculation showed that (Ala)5 peptide segments in the polymers of PS-co-PAL and PI-co-PAL had dihedral angles of (-131°, 142°), which correspond to a β-sheet conformation.

Key words: Polypeptide, Spidroin-like protein polymer, Oligomer, Solid-state NMR

MSC2000: 

  • O641