物理化学学报 >> 2009, Vol. 25 >> Issue (12): 2413-2416.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20091129

研究论文 上一篇    下一篇

1,3,3-三硝基氮杂环丁烷在乙酸乙酯和N,N-二甲基甲酰胺中的溶解行为

薛亮, 赵凤起, 邢晓玲, 高红旭, 仪建华, 胡荣祖   

  1. 西安近代化学研究所, 西安 710065; 陕西师范大学化学与材料科学学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-04 修回日期:2009-09-02 发布日期:2009-11-27
  • 通讯作者: 赵凤起 E-mail:npecc@163.com

Dissolution Properties of 1,3,3-Trinitroazetidine in Ethyl Acetate and N,N-Dimethylformamide

XUE Liang, ZHAO Feng-Qi, XING Xiao-Ling, GAO Hong-Xu, YI Jian-Hua, HU Rong-Zu   

  1. Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi'an 710065, P. R. China; School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-05-04 Revised:2009-09-02 Published:2009-11-27
  • Contact: ZHAO Feng-Qi E-mail:npecc@163.com

摘要:

在常压、298.15 K条件下, 用RD496-2000微热量仪分别测量了1,3,3-三硝基氮杂环丁烷(TNAZ)在乙酸乙酯(EA)和N,N-二甲基甲酰胺(DMF)中的溶解焓. 得到了TNAZ在不同溶剂中的微分溶解热和积分溶解热. 建立了热量与溶质的量之间的关系式. 对TNAZ, 得到了在乙酸乙酯中描述溶解过程的动力学方程为dα/dt=10-7.26(1-α)0.88; 在N,N-二甲基甲酰胺中, 描述溶解过程的动力学方程为dα/dt=10-7.21(1-α)0.66.

关键词: 动力学, 溶解, 乙酸乙酯, N,N-二甲基甲酰胺, 1,3,3-三硝基氮杂环丁烷

Abstract:

The enthalpies of dissolution for 1,3,3-trinitroazetidine (TNAZ) in ethyl acetate (EA) and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) were measured using a RD496-2000 Calvet Microcalorimeter at 298.15 K under atmospheric pressure. Differential enthalpies (△difH) and molar enthalpies (△solH) were determined for TNAZ in different solvents. The corresponding kinetic equations that describe the two dissolution processes are dα/dt=10-7.26(1-α)0.88 for the dissolution of TNAZ in ethyl acetate and dα/dt=10-7.21(1-α)0.66 for the dissolution of TNAZ in N,N-dimethylformamide.

Key words: Kinetics, Dissolution, Ethyl acetate, N,N-dimethylformamide, 1,3,3-Trinitroazetidine

MSC2000: 

  • O645