物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (04): 908-914.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100433

催化和表面结构 上一篇    下一篇

离子液体和水: 构建高效绿色的纳米粒子催化体系

苑晓, 娄舒洁, 寇元   

  1. 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 北京大学绿色化学研究中心, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-20 修回日期:2010-01-15 发布日期:2010-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 寇元 E-mail:yuankou@pku.edu.cn

Ionic Liquid and Water: Making Nanoparticle Catalysis More Efficient and Greener

YUAN Xiao, LOU Shu-Jie, KOU Yuan   

  1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Green Chemistry Center, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-12-20 Revised:2010-01-15 Published:2010-04-02
  • Contact: KOU Yuan E-mail:yuankou@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

金属纳米粒子-保护剂-绿色溶剂体系, 因其高效、绿色, 且易实现反应产物和催化体系分离而备受关注. 新型的纳米粒子催化体系设计空间大, 通过设计纳米粒子、保护剂、功能化溶剂可以实现不同的反应和工艺要求, 也更符合低毒、高效可循环等绿色化学的理念. 本文结合作者课题组设计的纳米粒子-保护剂-绿色溶剂催化体系实现的一系列反应, 回顾了这个绿色的新催化体系发展的过程.

关键词: 绿色化学, 离子液体, 可溶性纳米粒子, 保护剂

Abstract:

Transition metal nanoparticles (MNP) stabilized in green solvents, i.e., ionic liquids (ILs) and water, have great potential for use in catalysis. These new catalytic systems are more efficient and greener while easy segregation of substances depends on a two-phase design. By an appropriate design of the metal nanoparticle, the stabilizer and the functional solvent, nanoparticle catalytic systems have been used in different reactions and processes. In this review, we discuss this green catalytic family by considering the development of nanoparticle-stabilizer-green solvent catalytic systems in our laboratory.

Key words: Green chemistry, Ionic liquid, Soluble nanoparticle, Stablizer

MSC2000: 

  • O643