物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (04): 1113-1118.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100448

生物物理化学 上一篇    下一篇

四种蛋白水解酶在不同分子筛上的吸附固定

刘平, 邢国文, 李宣文, 叶蕴华   

  1. 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 教育部生物有机与分子工程重点实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2009-11-30 修回日期:2010-03-14 发布日期:2010-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 叶蕴华 E-mail:yhye@pku.edu.cn

Adsorptive Immobilization of Four Proteases on Different Molecular Sieves

LIU Ping, XING Guo-Wen, LI Xuan-Wen, YE Yun-Hua   

  1. Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Science, Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-11-30 Revised:2010-03-14 Published:2010-04-02
  • Contact: YE Yun-Hua E-mail:yhye@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

系统研究了α-胰凝乳蛋白酶、木瓜蛋白酶、枯草杆菌蛋白酶和嗜热杆菌蛋白酶4种蛋白水解酶在一系列分子筛上的吸附固定. 所用分子筛载体包括微孔分子筛: HY、NaY、NH4Y、MCM-22、Hβ沸石, 改性Y沸石: HDAY、HNH4DAY以及介孔分子筛MCM-41. 结果表明, 不仅分子筛的结构与酶的性质对酶的固定化量与固定化酶的活性有重要影响, 而且吸附固定化条件如缓冲液的pH值和酶的浓度等对酶的吸附固定化也有显著影响. 在多数情况下, pH值为6时蛋白水解酶在分子筛上的吸附固定化的量较高, 随着pH值进一步升高吸附量降低. 探讨了蛋白水解酶与不同分子筛之间的相互作用, 例如α-胰凝乳蛋白酶在Hβ沸石上吸附固定化量最高, 而固定在MCM-22上的α-胰凝乳蛋白酶的活性最高, 这显然与其吸附状态有关.

关键词: 吸附, 固定化作用, 蛋白水解酶, 沸石, 分子筛, 多肽合成

Abstract:

The immobilization of four different proteases on a series of molecular sieves, including microporous HY, NaY, NH4Y, MCM-22, Hβ zeolites, modified Y zeolites HDAY, HNH4DAY, and mesoporous MCM-41, by adsorption was systematically investigated. The four proteases were α-chymotrypsin, papain, subtilisin, and thermoase (or its pure form thermolysin). The results showed that the enzyme loading amount and the activity of immobilized enzyme were significantly affected not only by the structures and textures of molecular sieves and the enzyme properties, but also by the adsorptive conditions such as buffer pH values and enzyme concentration. In most cases, the amount of protease loading on molecular sieves was relatively higher at pH 6.0, but declined with further increasing of pH values. The nature of the interaction between protease and molecular sieves is discussed. As for α-chymotrypsin, its loading amount on Hβ zeolites was found to be the highest, whereas the activity of α-chymotrypsin immobilized on MCM-22 was the highest, which is probably due to different adsorption states.

Key words: Adsorption, Immobilization, Protease, Zeolite, Molecular sieve, Peptide synthesis

MSC2000: 

  • O647