物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (07): 2015-2020.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100708

生物物理化学 上一篇    下一篇

小热休克蛋白Mj HSP16.5对多肽纤维生长的抑制及对成熟纤维的解聚作用

曹傲能, 汪蔚学, 宇文泰然, 邓巍, 来鲁华   

  1. 上海大学纳米化学与生物学研究所, 上海 200444
    北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 分子动态与稳态结构国家重点实验室, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2010-02-01 修回日期:2010-05-10 发布日期:2010-07-02
  • 通讯作者: 曹傲能, 来鲁华 E-mail:ancao@shu.edu.cn; lhlai@pku.edu.cn

Inhibition of Amyloid Fibrillization and Dissociation of Matured Amyloid Fibrils by Mj HSP16.5

CAO Ao-Neng, WANG Wei-Xue, YUWEN Tai-Ran, DENG Wei, LAI Lu-Hua   

  1. Institute of Nanochemistry and Nanobiology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, P. R. China
    Beijing National Laboratory of Molecular Sciences, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-02-01 Revised:2010-05-10 Published:2010-07-02
  • Contact: CAO Ao-Neng, LAI Lu-Hua E-mail:ancao@shu.edu.cn; lhlai@pku.edu.cn

摘要:

包括老年痴呆症在内的许多疾病与蛋白质或多肽的淀粉样聚集(纤维化)有关. 由于这类疾病的机制尚不清楚, 因此还没有有效的预防和治疗手段. 研究各种因素如小热休克蛋白对蛋白质或多肽淀粉样聚集的影响对开发防治相关疾病的药物具有重要意义. 甲状腺素运载蛋白(TTR)及其突变体很容易形成淀粉样纤维, 并与多种疾病相关. Mj HSP16.5是一种来源于嗜热古细菌ethanococcus jannaschii的小热休克蛋白, 它在酸性条件下具有非常高的分子伴侣活性. 本文研究了Mj HSP16.5对WTTR肽(在N端添加了色氨酸的TTR 105-115片段, 序列为WYTIAALLSPYS)纤维化的影响, 发现Mj HSP16.5能够显著地抑制WTTR肽纤维的生长, 且在Mj HSP16.5存在下, WTTR肽形成的纤维比正常条件下形成的要显著细小. 尤其是Mj HSP16.5还可以使已经成熟的WTTR肽纤维解离. 结果表明, Mj HSP16.5抑制多肽纤维的机理可能在于其能够与多肽纤维及纤维种子结合.

关键词: 淀粉样纤维, 抑制, 解聚, 小热休克蛋白, Mj HSP16.5

Abstract:

The amyloid fibrillization of proteins and peptides is related to many human diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Currently there is no effective therapy for these diseases, because the mechanism of the amyloid fibrillization is still not clear. Understanding how to effectively inhibit amyloid formation will shed light on the prevention and treatment of these diseases. Transtheritin (TTR) and itsmutants easily formamyloid fibrils and are related tomany diseases.MjHSP16.5, a small heat shock protein (SHSP) from Methanococcus jannaschii shows high chaperone-like activity under acidic conditions, and these conditions promote the fibrillization of many peptides. We studied the influence of Mj HSP16.5 on the fibrillization of the peptide WTTR (sequence: WYTIAALLSPYS, i.e., the 105-115 fragment of TTR with a tryptophan added to its N-terminal). Mj HSP16.5 was found to significantly inhibit the growth and maturation of the WTTR fibrils resulting in much thinner fibrils compared to those under normal conditions. More interestingly, Mj SHSP16.5 can dissociate the matured WTTR fibrils. Based on our experimental results, a possible inhibition mechanismwas proposed in which Mj SHP16.5 interacted with WTTR fibrils and/or seeds.

Key words: Amyloid fibril, Inhibition, Dissociation, Small heat shock protein, Mj HSP16.5

MSC2000: 

  • O641