物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (08): 2073-2086.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100812

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石墨烯的制备、功能化及在化学中的应用

胡耀娟, 金娟, 张卉, 吴萍, 蔡称心   

  1. 南京师范大学化学与环境科学学院, 江苏省生物功能材料重点实验室, 电化学实验室, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-28 修回日期:2010-03-31 发布日期:2010-07-23
  • 通讯作者: 蔡称心 E-mail:cxcai@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

     国家自然科学基金(20673057, 20773067, 20833006, 20905036), “新世纪优秀人才支持计划”(NET-06-0508), 江苏省高校自然科学研究项目 (09KJA150001, 09KJB150006)资助

Graphene: Synthesis, Functionalization and Applications in Chemistry

HU Yao-Juan, JIN Juan, ZHANG Hui, WU Ping, CAI Chen-Xin   

  1. Laboratory of Electrochemistry, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biofunctional Materials, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, P. R. China
  • Received:2009-12-28 Revised:2010-03-31 Published:2010-07-23
  • Contact: CAI Chen-Xin E-mail:cxcai@njnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20673057, 20773067, 20833006, 20905036), Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (NET-06-0508), and Foundation of the Jiangsu Education Committee, China (09KJA150001, 09KJB150006).

摘要:

石墨烯是最近发现的一种具有二维平面结构的碳纳米材料, 它的特殊单原子层结构使其具有许多独特的物理化学性质. 有关石墨烯的基础和应用研究已成为当前的前沿和热点课题之一. 本文仅就目前石墨烯的制备方法、功能化方法以及在化学领域中的应用作一综述, 重点阐述石墨烯应用于化学修饰电极、化学电源、催化剂和药物载体以及气体传感器等方面的研究进展, 并对石墨烯在相关领域的应用前景作了展望.

关键词: 石墨烯, 碳材料, 石墨烯氧化物, 石墨烯功能化, 石墨烯应用

Abstract:

Graphene, a recently discovered carbon nanomaterial with carbon atoms tightly packed into a two dimensional honeycomb lattice, possesses many novel and unique physical and chemical properties because of its unusual monolayer atomic structure. Graphene has received a great deal of attention in fundamental and applied research. This review presents the current status of graphene synthesis, functionalization, and applications in chemistry. Specifically, the use of graphene for the fabrication of chemically modified electrodes, the preparation of chemical power sources, catalyst and medicinal matrices, and in gas sensors are summarized. Finally, further applications based on graphene are briefly introduced.

Key words: Graphene, Carbon material, Graphene oxide, Functionalization of graphene, Application of

MSC2000: 

  • O646