物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (08): 2261-2266.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100815

催化和表面结构 上一篇    下一篇

溶剂热法制备Ag/TiO2纳米材料及其光催化性能

许平昌1, 柳 阳1, 魏建红1,2, 熊 锐1, 潘春旭1, 石 兢1   

  1. 1. 武汉大学物理科学与技术学院, 人工微结构教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430072;
    2. 低维材料与技术教育部重点实验室(湘潭大学), 湖南 湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-08 修回日期:2010-04-19 发布日期:2010-07-23
  • 通讯作者: 魏建红 E-mail:jhwei@whu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973)(2009CB939704), 国家自然科学基金(10974148)和低维材料与技术教育部重点实验室(湘潭大学)开放基金(DWKF0806)资助

Solvothermal Preparation of Ag/TiO2 Nanoparticles and Their Photocatalytic Activity

XU Ping-Chang1, LIU Yang1, WEI Jian-Hong1,2, XIONG Rui1, PAN Chun-Xu1, SHI Jing1     

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro-and Nano-Structures, Ministry of Education, School of Physics Science and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology (Xiangtan University), Ministry of Education, Xiangtan 411105, Hunan Province, P.R. China
  • Received:2010-03-08 Revised:2010-04-19 Published:2010-07-23
  • Contact: WEI Jian-Hong E-mail:jhwei@whu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2009CB939704), National Natural Science Foundation of China (10974148) and the Open Project Program of Low Dimensional Materials and Application Technology (Xiangtan University), Ministry of Education of China (DWKF0806).

摘要:

以乙醇为溶剂, 钛酸四丁酯为前驱体, 用溶剂热法制备了Ag表面修饰的负载型纳米二氧化钛光催化剂. 利用X射线衍射(XRD)、N2吸附-脱附(BET)、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、X射线光电子能谱(XPS)、紫外-可见(UV-Vis)光谱等技术对其进行了系统的表征, 以亚甲基蓝(MB)溶液的脱色降解为模型反应, 考察了不同Ag含量样品的光催化性能. 结果表明: 用溶剂热法制备的样品中TiO2皆为锐钛矿相, 金属Ag颗粒沉积在TiO2表面, 粒径为2 nm左右, 比表面积较溶胶凝胶法制备的样品大大增加, 最高可达151.44 m2·g-1; UV-Vis光谱和光催化实验表明: Ag修饰使TiO2对光的吸收能力大大增强, 吸收带边红移至可见光区, 亚甲基蓝在该复合材料上的光催化降解反应遵循一级反应动力学模型; 溶剂热法制备样品的光催化性能明显好于溶胶凝胶法制备的样品, 在紫外光和可见光下, Ag摩尔分数为5%的样品表现出最佳的光催化活性.

关键词: 二氧化钛, 银修饰, 溶剂热法, 溶胶凝胶法, 亚甲基蓝, 光催化

Abstract:

Visible-light photoactive Ag/TiO2 catalysts were successfully prepared by a solvothermal method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm (BET), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. The photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) solution was used to evaluate the photocatalytic activity of the catalyst under UV and visible light irradiation (λ>400 nm). XRD results showed that the TiO2 was in the pure anatase phase. Ag nanoparticles were loaded onto the TiO2 nanoparticle surface and this had little influence on the crystal phase and the particle size of TiO2. The specific surface area of the samples was far higher than that for the samples prepared by the sol-gel method and the sample with Ag molar fraction of 5% had the highest value of 151.44 m2·g-1. The absorption spectrum of the Ag-modified TiO2 increased greatly and the adsorption edge was extended into the visible region. The photodegradation of MB solution followed a pseudo-first-order kinetic expression. The photocatalytic activities of the Ag/TiO2 composites prepared by the solvothermal method were remarkably higher than those prepared by the sol-gel method. Under UV or visible light irradiation, the optimal photoactivity was obtained for the sample with a Ag molar fraction of 5%.

Key words: Titania, Silver-modified, Solvothermal method, Sol-gel method, Methylene blue, Photocatalysis

MSC2000: 

  • O643