物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (10): 2653-2658.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20100918

电化学 上一篇    下一篇

聚乙烯醇/聚乙烯吡咯烷酮碱性复合膜的制备及其性能

傅婧1,2, 林瑞2, 吕洪2, 王晓蕾2, 马建新1,2, 乔锦丽3   

  1. 1. 华东理工大学资源与环境工程学院, 上海200237;
    2. 同济大学新能源汽车工程中心, 上海201804;
    3. 东华大学环境科学与工程学院, 上海201620
  • 收稿日期:2010-03-16 修回日期:2010-05-09 发布日期:2010-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 马建新, 乔锦丽 E-mail:jxma@tongji.edu.cn; qiaojl@dhu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    上海市浦江人才基金(08PJ14096)、上海市自然科学基金(09ZR1433300)和教育部归国留学人员基金(2009(1001))资助项目

Preparation and Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) Composites for Solid Alkaline Electrolyte Membranes

FU Jing1,2, LIN Rui2, LV Hong2, WANG Xiao-Lei2, MA Jian-Xin1,2, QIAO Jin-Li3   

  1. 1. School of Resource and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, P. R. China;
    2. Clean Energy Automotive Engineering Center, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, P. R. China;
    3. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201260, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-03-16 Revised:2010-05-09 Published:2010-09-27
  • Contact: MA Jian-Xin, QIAO Jin-Li E-mail:jxma@tongji.edu.cn; qiaojl@dhu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the Pujiang Foundation (08PJ14096), Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (09ZR1433300) and Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Education, China (2009(1001)).

摘要:

通过在不同浓度KOH 溶液中进行掺杂, 制备出了聚乙烯醇/聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVA/PVP) 碱性聚合物电解质膜. 详尽考察了膜的组成、微观结构、热稳定性、离子电导率和甲醇吸收率. 结果表明, PVA 与PVP 两者具有较好的相容性, 当m(PVA) :m(PVP)=1 :0.5 时, 膜断面致密、均匀, 未发生大尺度相分离. PVP 的混入可以极大提高复合膜的电导率和热稳定性. 当m(PVA) :m(PVP)=1 :1 时, 复合膜的电导率可达2.01 ×10-3 S·cm-1. PVA/PVP/KOH 膜的甲醇吸收率随温度的升高没有明显变化, 100 ℃时其甲醇吸收率仅为同条件下Nafion 115 膜的1/4. 这表明该复合膜有望作为一种新型的碱性直接甲醇燃料电池用固体电解质膜且可提高膜的使用温度.

关键词: 碱性固体电解质膜, 聚乙烯醇, 聚乙烯吡咯烷酮, 离子电导率, 甲醇吸收率, 热稳定性

Abstract:

Solid alkaline electrolyte membranes were prepared using poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVA/PVP) by KOH doping. The composition, microstructure, thermal stability, ionic conducitvity and methanol uptake of the composite membranes were investigated in detail. The wholly transparent, homogeneous and compact PVA/PVP/KOH composite membranes were obtained when m(PVA) :m(PVP)=1 :0.5 in a mass ratio and no obvious phase seperation was observed. The ionic conductivity and thermal stability of the PVA/PVP membranes increased greatly with increasing the content of PVP. A high ionic conductivity of 2.01 ×10-3 S·cm-1 was obtained whena mass ratio of m(PVA) :m(PVP)=1 :1 was used. In additon, the methanol uptake of the PVA/PVP/KOH membranes showed almost no change after conditioning at elevated temperatures and it was 4 times lower than that of the Nafion 115 membrane after conditioning at 100 ℃. These membranes are, therefore, promising solid alkaline electrolyte membranes for use in alkaline direct methanol fuel cells at elevated operating temperature.

Key words: Solid alkaline electrolyte membrane, Poly(vinyl alcohol), Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone), Ionicconductivity, Methanol uptake, Thermal stability

MSC2000: 

  • O646