物理化学学报 >> 2010, Vol. 26 >> Issue (12): 3163-3168.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20101142

电化学 上一篇    下一篇

超重力场电沉积NiW合金及其耐碱腐蚀性能

王明涌1,3, 王志1, 郭占成1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院过程工程研究所, 湿法冶金清洁生产技术国家工程实验室, 北京100190;
    2. 北京科技大学, 循环与生态冶金教育部重点实验室, 北京100083;
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2010-08-06 修回日期:2010-09-20 发布日期:2010-12-01
  • 通讯作者: 王明涌 E-mail:mywang@home.ipe.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(50804043, 50674011)资助项目

NiW Alloys Electrodeposited under Super Gravity Field and Their Anti-Corrosion Properties in Alkaline Solutions

WANG Ming-Yong1,3, WANG Zhi1, GUO Zhan-Cheng1,2   

  1. 1. National Engineering Laboratory for Hydrometallurgical Cleaner Production Technology, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Ecological and Recycle Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;
    3. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-08-06 Revised:2010-09-20 Published:2010-12-01
  • Contact: WANGMing-Yong E-mail:mywang@home.ipe.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50804043, 50674011).

摘要:

在超重力条件下电沉积NiW合金镀层, 考察了超重力对NiW合金电沉积过程(各元素分电流、W含量和槽电压等)的影响规律; 并利用扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、Tafel 技术和电化学阻抗谱(EIS)技术研究了电沉积NiW合金镀层的表面形貌和在NaOH溶液中的抗腐蚀性能, 同时通过浸泡实验考察了镀层的稳定性. 结果发现, 与常重力条件电沉积的NiW合金相比, 超重力场电沉积的NiW合金中W含量增加, 镀层表面无微裂纹产生; 在10%(w) NaOH溶液中镀层自腐蚀电位正移, 自腐蚀电流密度减小, 腐蚀电阻也由常重力(重力系数G=1)时的865 Ω·cm2增大至超重力(G=256)时的2305 Ω·cm2; 在10% NaOH溶液中浸泡144 h 后, 超重力场电沉积的NiW合金表面无破碎和起皮现象发生. 超重力技术在NiW合金电沉积过程中的应用, 使镀层的耐碱腐蚀性能得到改善.

关键词: NiW合金, 超重力场, 腐蚀, 裂纹, 电沉积

Abstract:

NiW alloys were electrodeposited under a super gravity field. The effects of super gravity on the partial current density, W content, and cell voltage were studied. The surface morphologies of the NiW films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The anti-corrosion properties and stability of the NiW films in NaOH solution were also studied by Tafel, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and 144 h exposure test. The results indicate that the W content increases with the gravity coefficient (G) and no cracks are produced on the surface of the NiW alloys electrodeposited under the super gravity field. Compared with those electrodeposited under normal gravity conditions, the self-corrosion potentials of the NiW alloys electrodeposited under a super gravity field shifts in a positive direction and the self-corrosion current densities become smaller. Meanwhile, the corrosion resistance also increases from 865 to 2305 Ω·cm2 with an increase in the G value from 1 to 256. After 144 h exposure in 10% (w) NaOH solution, no surface peeling or damage occur. We conclude that when the NiW alloy is electrodeposited under a super gravity field, both the anti-corrosion resistance and the stability of the NiW alloy in the NaOH solution are improved obviously.

Key words: NiW alloy, Super gravity field, Corrosion, Crack, Electrodeposition

MSC2000: 

  • O646