物理化学学报 >> 2011, Vol. 27 >> Issue (05): 1116-1121.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110515

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

采用连续电位阶跃方法研究聚吡咯在电解质水溶液中的氧化还原稳定性

田颖1, 王晶日2, 刘明1, 史锟1, 杨凤林3   

  1. 1. 大连交通大学环境与化学工程学院, 辽宁 大连 116028;
    2. 大连晟世环境工程有限公司, 辽宁 大连 116600;
    3. 大连理工大学环境科学与工程系, 辽宁 大连 116024
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-01 修回日期:2011-03-07 发布日期:2011-04-28
  • 通讯作者: 田颖 E-mail:greenhusk@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51078050)资助项目

Redox Stability of Polypyrrole in Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions by a Recurrent Potential Pulse Technique

TIAN Ying1, WANG Jing-Ri2, LIU Ming1, SHI Kun1, YANG Feng-Lin3   

  1. 1. College of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Dalian Jiaotong University, Dalian 116028, Liaoning Province, P. R. China;
    2. Dalian Shengshi Environmental Co. Ltd., Dalian 116600, Liaoning Province, P. R. China;
    3. Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-12-01 Revised:2011-03-07 Published:2011-04-28
  • Contact: TIAN Ying E-mail:greenhusk@126.com
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51078050).

摘要:

连续电位阶跃方法是一种研究氧化还原稳定性的有效方法. 本文采用连续电位阶跃方法研究了以对甲苯磺酸钠为掺杂剂的聚吡咯(ppy)膜的电化学氧化还原稳定性, 通过计算聚吡咯在阶跃电位下的还原电量(Qred), 还原和氧化电量的比值(Qred/Qox)考察聚吡咯在H2SO4、Na2SO4和NaOH溶液中在不同电位下的氧化还原可逆性. 结果发现聚吡咯过氧化的发生强烈依赖支持电解质的pH值和阶跃电位. 在H2SO4溶液中, 过氧化的起始电位为0.8 V, 而在Na2SO4溶液中, 过氧化的起始电位为0.5 V. 在NaOH溶液中, 过氧化在任何电位均可发生, 表明溶液中OH- 的存在是过氧化发生的直接原因.

关键词: 聚吡咯, 过氧化, 氧化还原稳定性, 连续电位阶跃

Abstract:

The recurrent potential pulse (RPP) technique is an alternative and effective technique for redox stability measurement. We investigated the electrochemical redox stability of polypyrrole (ppy) films doped with sodium p-toluenesulfonate by RPP technique in this study. The reduction charge (Qred) and the ratio of reduction and oxidation charges (Qred/Qox) obtained from the switching potentials in aqueous solutions of H2SO4, Na2SO4, and NaOH were calculated to describe the reversibility of ppy at the applied potential windows. We found that the irreversible overoxidation strongly depended on the pH value of the supporting electrolytes and on the switching potentials. The onset of the overoxidation potential is 0.8 V in H2SO4 solution while it is only 0.5 V in Na2SO4 solution. In NaOH solution, overoxidation occurs at any potential indicating that the existence of OH- ions is directly responsible for overoxidation.

Key words: Polypyrrole, Overoxidation, Redox stability, Recurrent potential pulse

MSC2000: 

  • O646