物理化学学报 >> 2011, Vol. 27 >> Issue (06): 1273-1286.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110604

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形貌可控贵金属纳米颗粒的合成、光学性质及生长机制

曹艳丽1, 丁孝龙1, 李红臣1, 伊兆广1, 王祥夫1, 朱杰君2, 阚彩侠1   

  1. 1. 南京航空航天大学理学院应用物理系, 南京 211100;
    2. 南京大学物理系, 固体微结构物理国家重点实验室, 南京 210093
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-06 修回日期:2011-04-02 发布日期:2011-05-31
  • 通讯作者: 阚彩侠 E-mail:cxkan@nuaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(10704038, 51032002)资助项目

Morphology-Controllable Noble Metal Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Optical Property and Growth Mechanism

CAO Yan-Li1, DING Xiao-Long1, LI Hong-Chen1, YI Zhao-Guang1, WANG Xiang-Fu1, ZHU Jie-Jun2, KAN Cai-Xia1   

  1. 1. Department of Applied Physics, College of Science, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 211100, P. R. China;
    2. National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-12-06 Revised:2011-04-02 Published:2011-05-31
  • Contact: KAN Cai-Xia E-mail:cxkan@nuaa.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (10704038, 51032002).

摘要:

近二十年来, 贵金属纳米颗粒由于其独特的性质, 已成为人们广泛研究的课题. 研究人员应用多种方法来合成纳米尺度的贵金属材料并且探讨了纳米材料的性质与尺寸和形状的关系. 本文简单回顾贵金属纳米颗粒的合成方法, 主要讨论纳米颗粒的形状对其光学性质的影响和颗粒的生长机制, 最后简述贵金属纳米材料的应用前景.

关键词: 贵金属, 纳米颗粒, 形貌可控, 光学性质, 生长机制

Abstract:

In the past two decades, noble metal nanoparticles have been the focus of intensive research due to their unique properties. Researchers have made many efforts to synthesize noble metals with sizes in the nanometer scale and investigated their size- and shape-dependent properties. In this article, we firstly give a brief review on recent synthesis of noble metal particles. Then we mainly discuss their growth mechanism and the relationship between the shape and optical properties. Finally, we highlight a number of potential applications of noble metal materials in some fields.

Key words: Noble metal, Nanoparticle, Morphology control, Optical property, Growth mechanism

MSC2000: 

  • O647