物理化学学报 >> 2011, Vol. 27 >> Issue (06): 1446-1450.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110620

电化学和新能源 上一篇    下一篇

钯镍合金在玻碳电极上电结晶机理

岳俊培, 杨防祖, 田中群, 周绍民   

  1. 厦门大学化学化工学院, 固体表面物理化学国家重点实验室, 福建 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2010-12-16 修回日期:2011-02-18 发布日期:2011-05-31
  • 通讯作者: 杨防祖 E-mail:fzyang@xmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(20873114, 20833005)及国家重点基础研究发展计划(2009CB930703)资助项目

Electrocrystallization of Pd-Ni Alloys on Glassy Carbon Electrode

YUE Jun-Pei, YANG Fang-Zu, TIAN Zhong-Qun, ZHOU Shao-Min   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, Fujian Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2010-12-16 Revised:2011-02-18 Published:2011-05-31
  • Contact: YANG Fang-Zu E-mail:fzyang@xmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (20873114, 20833005) and National Key Basic Research Program of China (2009CB930703).

摘要:

在钯镍合金电解液中, 采用循环伏安和计时安培实验方法, 运用Scharifker和Hills模型、Heerman和Tarallo模型揭示钯镍合金的成核机理. 结果表明, 钯镍合金在玻碳电极上发生成核过程. Scharifker和Hills模型分析表明, 钯镍合金更符合扩散控制下的三维生长的连续成核机理. 借助于Heerman和Tarallo模型, 拟合得到钯镍合金的成核和生长的动力学参数. 拟合结果显示, 电位阶跃从-0.85 V负移至-0.92 V (vs SCE), 钯镍合金在玻碳电极上的成核速率从0.83 s-1增加到7.71 s-1, 成核密度数从2.77×104 cm-2提高至7.09×104 cm-2.

关键词: 钯镍合金, 电结晶, 循环伏安, 计时安培曲线

Abstract:

Using the Scharifker and Hills model and Heerman and Tarallo model, cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry were used to study the nucleation mechanism upon the electrodeposition of a Pd-Ni alloy from an electrolyte. The results show that the electrodeposition of the Pd-Ni alloy onto glassy carbon electrode consisted of nucleation and growth, and the nucleation process according to the Scharifker and Hills model follows three dimension-progressive nucleation, which is controlled by the diffusion of the electroactive species. By applying the Heerman and Tarallo model, the kinetic parameters associated with the crystal nucleation and growth processes were obtained. The nucleation rate constant and the density of active nucleation sites increased from 0.83 to 7.71 s-1 and from 2.77×104 to 7.09×104 cm-2, respectively, as the step potential was changed from -0.85 to -0.92 V (vs SCE).

Key words: Pd-Ni alloy, Electrocrystallization, Cyclic voltammetry, Chronoamperometry

MSC2000: 

  • O646