物理化学学报 >> 2011, Vol. 27 >> Issue (10): 2255-2268.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB20110901

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染料敏化太阳能电池对电极

李靖, 孙明轩, 张晓艳, 崔晓莉   

  1. 复旦大学材料科学系, 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2011-04-05 修回日期:2011-06-23 发布日期:2011-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 崔晓莉 E-mail:xiaolicui@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)(2010CB933703,2011CB933300)及上海市科学技术委员会纳米专项(1052nm01800)资助项目

Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

LI Jing, SUN Ming-Xuan, ZHANG Xiao-Yan, CUI Xiao-Li   

  1. Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-04-05 Revised:2011-06-23 Published:2011-09-27
  • Contact: CUI Xiao-Li E-mail:xiaolicui@fudan.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2010CB933703, 2011CB933300) and Shanghai Science Technology Commission, China (1052nm01800).

摘要: 对电极是染料敏化太阳能电池的重要组成部分, 改进对电极是提高其能量转换效率及降低成本的有效手段之一. 本文重点综述了2008 年以来染料敏化太阳能电池对电极的研究成果, 详细介绍了各类对电极包括金属Pt、Au、Ni, 纳米炭材料和导电聚合物等对电极的优点和制备工艺. Pt 对电极性能最好, 但是高成本限制了它在染料敏化太阳能电池产业化中的应用; 新型的价格低廉、活性较高的纳米炭材料和导电聚合物及其复合材料等对电极在染料敏化太阳能电池的研究中逐渐引起人们的重视.

关键词: 染料敏化太阳能电池, 对电极, 纳米Pt, 纳米炭材料, 导电聚合物

Abstract: Counter electrode is one of the important parts of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). Improving the performance of a counter electrode is an effective approach to enhance the energy conversion efficiency and reduce the cost of DSSC. In this paper, recent progresses in the study of various counter electrodes for use in DSSC are reviewed. We present researches about different counter electrodes including metals such as platinum, gold and nickel, various nanostructured carbon materials, and conductive polymers. Platinum counter electrodes give the best performance but their high cost restricts the industrialization of DSSC. More attention is being paid to novel materials such as different nanostructured carbon materials, conductive polymers and their composite counter electrodes because of their low cost and high activity.

Key words: Dye-sensitized solar cells, Counter electrode, Platinum nanoparticle, Nanostructured carbon materials, Conductive polymer

MSC2000: 

  • O646