物理化学学报 >> 2012, Vol. 28 >> Issue (02): 297-302.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112012

热力学,动力学和结构化学 上一篇    下一篇

溶剂热合成Cu2O微球及其对高氯酸铵热分解的催化作用

罗小林1, 韩银凤1, 杨德锁1, 陈亚芍2   

  1. 1. 宝鸡文理学院化学化工系, 植物化学陕西省重点实验室, 陕西宝鸡 721013;
    2. 陕西师范大学化学化工学院, 应用表面与胶体化学教育部重点实验室, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-05 修回日期:2011-11-21 发布日期:2012-01-11
  • 通讯作者: 罗小林 E-mail:luoxl225@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    陕西省教育厅项目(11JK0603)和陕西省重点实验室项目(11JS007)资助

Solvo-Thermal Synthesis of Cu2O Micro-Spheres and Their Catalytic Performance for Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

LUO Xiao-Lin1, HAN Yin-Feng1, YANG De-Suo1, CHEN Ya-Shao2   

  1. 1. Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Phytochemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Baoji University of Arts and Sciences, Baoji 721013, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-09-05 Revised:2011-11-21 Published:2012-01-11
  • Contact: LUO Xiao-Lin E-mail:luoxl225@163.com
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by Shannxi Provincial Department of Education Project, China (11JK0603) and Shannxi Provincial Key Laboratory Project, China (11JS007).

摘要: 以聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVP)为添加剂, 利用溶剂热法合成了Cu2O微球. 考察了PVP用量以及反应温度对产物形貌的影响, 并在反应时间为2.5 与4.5 h 时分别合成了直径为100-200 nm和1 μm的Cu2O微球. 同时,利用差热分析(DTA)技术考察了不同直径的Cu2O微球对高氯酸铵(AP)热分解的催化效果, 结果表明: 添加2%(w)的直径为100-200 nm和1 μm的Cu2O微球使得AP 的高温分解温度分别降低了116 和118 °C, AP在低温阶段的分解量也明显提高.

关键词: Cu2O微球, 溶剂热合成, 高氯酸铵, 热分解

Abstract: Cu2O micro-spheres were fabricated by a solvothermal method using poly vinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as an additive. The influences of PVP dosage and reaction temperature on the morphologies of the products were investigated. Cu2O micro-spheres with diameters of 100-200 nm and about 1 μm were synthesized with reaction time of 2.5 and 4.5 h, respectively. Meanwhile, differential thermal analysis (DTA) was used to determine the catalytic performance of these Cu2O micro-spheres with different diameters for thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP). Adding 2% (w) Cu2O micro-spheres with diameters of 100-200 nm and about 1 μm into AP decreased the maximum temperature of AP decomposition by 116 and 118 °C, respectively, and increased the amount of AP decomposed at lower temperature.

Key words: Cu2O micro-spheres, Solvent-thermal synthesis, Ammonium perchlorate, Thermal decomposition

MSC2000: 

  • O643