物理化学学报 >> 2012, Vol. 28 >> Issue (04): 949-956.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201201163

光化学和辐射化学 上一篇    下一篇

蓝色磷光材料FIrpic的发光特性

王健, 张福俊, 徐征, 王永生   

  1. 北京交通大学发光与信息技术教育部重点实验室, 北京 100044
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-23 修回日期:2012-01-05 发布日期:2012-03-21
  • 通讯作者: 张福俊 E-mail:fjzhang@bjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划(973) (2010CB327704), 国家自然科学基金(10804006, 60576016), 国家杰出青年基金(60825407), 北京市自然科学基金(1102028), 高等学校学科创新引智计划(B08002), 高等学校基本科研业务基金(2011JBM123, 2010JBZ003)及北京交通大学红果园人才计划资助

Luminescence Characteristics of Blue Emission Phosphorescent Material Firpic

WANG Jian, ZHANG Fu-Jun, XU Zheng, WANG Yong-Sheng   

  1. Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Optical Information, Ministry of Education, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, P. R. China
  • Received:2011-11-23 Revised:2012-01-05 Published:2012-03-21
  • Contact: ZHANG Fu-Jun E-mail:fjzhang@bjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2010CB327704), National Natural Science Foundation of China (10804006, 60576016), National Outstanding Young Scientists Foundation of China (60825407), Natural Science Foundation of Beijing, China (1102028), Program of Introducing Talents of Discipline to Universities, China (B08002), Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (2011JBM123, 2010JBZ003), and Talent Plan of Red Berry of Beijing Jiaotong University, China.

摘要: 研究了掺杂浓度及热退火对磷光材料双(4,6-二氟苯基吡啶-N,C2')吡啶甲酰合铱(FIrpic)发光性能的影响. 不同掺杂浓度的薄膜及有机电致发光器件(OELDs)的发光颜色都随FIrpic 浓度的增大由蓝色逐渐变化到黄绿色. 纯FIrpic 薄膜的吸收光谱和光致发光(PL)光谱在440-480 nm范围内有明显的光谱重叠, 476 nm处的发光强度随FIrpic 掺杂浓度增大而降低主要是由自吸收效应引起的. 测量了不同激发密度下的光致发光光谱和不同掺杂浓度下的电致发光(EL)光谱, 发现530 nm处的发光强度随激发强度或掺杂浓度的增大而增强, 证实了530 nm处的发光是来源于FIrpic 分子间的激基缔合物发光. 通过比较热退火前后薄膜微观形貌及电致发光器件光谱的变化, 进一步证实了热退火促进FIrpic 分子聚集, 增强了FIrpic 分子间的辐射跃迁发光. 通过调控FIrpic 掺杂浓度和优化器件结构, 并对器件进行热退火处理得到一系列发光颜色从蓝色逐渐变化到黄绿色的有机电致发光器件.

关键词: 有机电致发光器件, 磷光材料, 自吸收, 激基缔合物发光, 热退火

Abstract: The luminescent properties of bis[(4,6-difluorophenyl)-pyridinato-N,C2']c(picolinate)iridium(III) (FIrpic) dependence on the doping concentrations and different annealing treatments were investigated. The color of emission from thin films and organic light emitting diodes (OELDs) could be adjusted from blue to yellow-green by controlling the FIrpic doping concentration. There was good spectral overlap from 440 to 480 nm between the FIrpic photoluminescence (PL) spectra and its absorption spectra. The 476 nm emission intensity decreased as the FIrpic doping concentration increased, and this effect could be attributed to FIrpic self-absorption. The PL and electroluminescence (EL) spectra were measured under different excitation power densities and in different doping concentrations, respectively. The intensity of emission peak at 530 nm was enhanced as the excitation power density or FIrpic doping concentration increased. This suggests that the emission peak at 530 nm originates from the excimer emission between FIrpic molecules. The morphologies of the thin film and changes in the EL spectra were analyzed before and after annealing treatment. This demonstrated that FIrpic molecular aggregation promoted by annealing treatment could increase the intensity of excimer emission between FIrpic molecules. The emission color of OLEDs could be adjusted from blue to yellow-green by changing the FIrpic doping concentration, optimizing the device structure, and using annealing treatment on the devices.

Key words: Organic light emitting diode, Phosphorescent material, Self-absorption, Excimer emission, Annealing

MSC2000: 

  • O644