物理化学学报 >> 2012, Vol. 28 >> Issue (09): 2029-2036.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201207042

热力学,动力学和结构化学 上一篇    下一篇

异辛烷/正庚烷/乙醇三组分燃料着火的化学动力学模型

郑东, 钟北京   

  1. 清华大学航天航空学院, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-02 修回日期:2012-07-04 发布日期:2012-08-02
  • 通讯作者: 钟北京 E-mail:zhongbj@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51036004)资助项目

Chemical Kinetic Model for Ignition of Three-Component Fuel Comprising iso-Octane/n-Heptane/Ethanol

ZHENG Dong, ZHONG Bei-Jing   

  1. School of Aerospace, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-05-02 Revised:2012-07-04 Published:2012-08-02
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51036004).

摘要:

提出一个包括异辛烷、正庚烷和乙醇的三组分燃料的着火动力学模型, 该机理包括50 个组分和193 个反应. 通过路径分析和灵敏度分析, 给出了基础燃料在高低温条件下的不同反应路径和影响氧化过程的重要基元反应. 该机理预测的单组分(异辛烷、正庚烷、乙醇)燃料、双组分基础燃料和三组分燃料的点火延迟时间与实验值有很高一致性. 本文机理包含较少的组分数与反应数, 因而可适用汽油掺烧乙醇的多维计算流体动力学(CFD)数值模拟.

关键词: 替代燃料, 基础燃料, 着火延迟时间, 机理, 乙醇

Abstract:

A reduced chemical kinetic mechanism for the oxidation of three-component fuel comprising iso-octane/n-heptane/ethanol has been developed. The mechanism consists of 50 species and 193 elementary reactions and emphasizes the ignition process. Using path and sensitivity analyses, the path of primary reference fuel (PRF) oxidation and major elementary reactions at high and low temperatures are given. The validated results show that the present mechanism gives good agreement with experimental data for ignition delay time predictions. Because of the few species and reactions presenting in the chemical kinetic model, the mechanism is applicable to multidimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation of the co-combustion of gasoline with ethanol.

Key words: Surrogate fuel, Primary reference fuel, Ignition delay time, Mechanism, Ethanol

MSC2000: 

  • O643