物理化学学报 >> 2012, Vol. 28 >> Issue (10): 2436-2446.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201209145

材料物理化学 上一篇    下一篇

金属氧化物纳米材料的电化学合成与形貌调控研究进展

焦淑红1, 徐东升1,2, 许荔芬1, 张晓光2   

  1. 1 北京大学化学与分子工程学院, 分子动态与稳态结构国家重点实验室, 北京分子科学国家实验室, 北京 100871;
    2 光电信息控制和安全技术重点实验室, 河北 三河 065201
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-30 修回日期:2012-09-10 发布日期:2012-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 徐东升 E-mail:dsxu@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51121091, 21133001, 61176004), 国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973) (2007CB936201, 2011CB808702)和国家光电信息控制和安全技术重点实验室基金(9140C150304110C1502)资助

Recent Progress in Electrochemical Synthesis and Morphological Control of Metal Oxide Nanostructures

JIAO Shu-Hong1, XU Dong-Sheng1,2, XU Li-Fen1, ZHANG Xiao-Guang2   

  1. 1 College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Beijing 100871, P. R. China;
    2 Science and Technology on Electro-optical Information Security Control Laboratory, Sanhe 065201, Hebei Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-08-30 Revised:2012-09-10 Published:2012-09-26
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51121091, 21133001, 61176004), National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2007CB936201, 2011CB808702) and Science and Technology on Electro-optical Information Security Control Laboratory, China (9140C150304110C1502).

摘要:

金属氧化物纳米材料因其丰富的形貌、独特的性能、广泛的应用成为材料合成领域研究的热点. 调控金属氧化物纳米材料的形貌对于调变其性能、拓展其应用空间具有重要意义. 电化学方法由于操作简单易控、方法灵活多变, 因此成为调控金属氧化物形貌的常用方法. 本文综述了近年来我们在金属氧化物纳米材料的电化学合成与形貌调控方面已取得的研究结果; 总结了不同金属氧化物在电化学过程中晶体生长机制和形貌调控的规律, 为实现功能材料的定向合成奠定了基础.

关键词: ZnO, 金属氧化物, 形貌调控, 电沉积, 纳米管, 多级结构

Abstract:

There has been considerable focus on the synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures because of their extensive structures, unique properties, and wide applications. The morphological control of metal oxide nanostructures is of interest for tuning their performance and expanding their range of applications. Electrochemical methods have become a common way of controlling the morphologies of metal oxides, owing to their simple operation, ease of control, and flexible modes. This paper presents a brief overview of our research in the electrochemical synthesis and morphological control of metal oxide nanostructures. We will also discuss the crystal growth mechanism and the morphology control of different metal oxides during the electrochemical deposition process, which lays the foundation for orientation design and fabrication of functional materials.

Key words: ZnO, Metal oxide, Morphological control, Electrodeposition, Nanotube, Hierarchical structure

MSC2000: 

  • O646