物理化学学报 >> 2013, Vol. 29 >> Issue (05): 1041-1047.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201302225

催化和表面科学 上一篇    下一篇

一种适用于生物油低温制氢的碳纳米纤维促进的镍催化剂

徐勇, 姜沛汶, 李全新   

  1. 中国科学技术大学化学物理系, 生物质洁净能源实验室, 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-21 修回日期:2013-02-20 发布日期:2013-04-24
  • 通讯作者: 李全新 E-mail:liqx@ustc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(51161140331)和国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973) (2013CB228105)资助

Carbon Nanofibers-Supported Ni Catalyst for Hydrogen Production from Bio-Oil through Low-Temperature Reforming

XU Yong, JIANG Pei-Wen, LI Quan-Xin   

  1. Department of Chemical Physics, Anhui Key Laboratory of Biomass Clean Energy, University of Science & Technology of China, Hefei 230026, P. R. China
  • Received:2012-12-21 Revised:2013-02-20 Published:2013-04-24
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51161140331) and National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2013CB228105).

摘要:

氢气作为一种高热值的清洁能源广泛地应用于工业中. 研究证明: 生物质通过化学过程可以转化为多种气体燃料(氢气), 液体燃料以及高附加值的化学品. 生物质作为一种环境友好型再生洁净能源, 其研究越来越受到关注. 本文旨在探讨利用生物油为原料, 通过水蒸汽重整方法制备富氢合成气的过程. 利用均匀浸渍的方法制备了一种高分散的碳纳米纤维促进的镍(Ni/CNFs)催化剂, 并将普通的Al2O3作为载体的Ni/Al2O3催化剂和Ni/CNFs作对比. 研究了重整温度以及水蒸汽和碳摩尔比(nS/nC)对生物油水蒸汽重整制氢的影响. 结果表明: 碳纳米纤维作为载体用于生物油水蒸汽重整制氢的效果要远优于普通的Al2O3载体, 利用22% Ni/CNFs 催化剂时, 在实验温度范围内(350-550℃), 最高生物油转化率和氢气产率分别达到了94.7%和92.1%, 通过研究重整条件以及对催化剂进行表征探讨了生物油在水蒸汽重整过程中催化剂的构效关系.

关键词: 氢气, 生物油, 低温, 水蒸汽重整, Ni/CNFs催化剂

Abstract:

Hydrogen is a clean energy with high heat value that has been widely used in industry. Previous studies indicate that biomass can be converted in to gaseous fuels (hydrogen), liquid fuels and other chemicals. Biomass is the only renewable carbon resource and has attracted increasing attention because of the increasing price of oil and its environmental friendliness. To decrease energy consumption and minimize cost, it is very important to develop a process to produce hydrogen from bio-oil by low temperature steam reforming over non-noble metal catalysts. This work reports a carbon nanofiberssupported Ni (Ni/CNFs) catalyst prepared by the homogeneous impregnation method. The Ni/CNFs catalyst was successfully used to produce hydrogen via low-temperature (350-550℃) steam reforming of bio-oil. The effects of temperature and water steam/carbon molar ratio (nS/nC) on the reforming of bio-oil were investigated. The highest carbon conversion and H2 yield over the 22% Ni/CNFs catalyst reached about 94.7% and 92.1%, respectively, at a reforming temperature of 550℃. The Ni/CNFs catalyst containing a uniform Ni distribution exhibited a much higher activity in low-temperature reforming of bio-oil at 350-450℃ than the usual Ni/Al2O3 catalyst. Reaction conditions were investigated and catalysts were characterized to reveal the relationship between catalyst structure and performance for hydrogen production from bio-oil.

Key words: Hydrogen, Bio-oil, Low temperature, Steam reforming, Carbon nanofibers-supported Ni catalyst

MSC2000: 

  • O643