物理化学学报 >> 2013, Vol. 29 >> Issue (09): 1865-1876.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201306173

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石墨相氮化碳的化学合成及应用

张金水, 王博, 王心晨   

  1. 福州大学化学化工学院, 光催化研究所, 福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-15 修回日期:2013-06-17 发布日期:2013-08-28
  • 通讯作者: 王心晨 E-mail:xcwang@fzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)(2013CB632405);国家自然科学基金(21033003, 21173043, J1103303)资助项目

Chemical Synthesis and Applications of Graphitic Carbon Nitride

ZHANG Jin-Shui, WANG Bo, WANG Xin-Chen   

  1. Research Institute of Photocatalysis, College of Chemistry and Chemial Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350002, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-05-15 Revised:2013-06-17 Published:2013-08-28
  • Contact: WANG Xin-Chen E-mail:xcwang@fzu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2013CB632405) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21033003, 21173043, J1103303).

摘要:

石墨相氮化碳(g-C3N4)具有独特的电子结构和优异的化学稳定性, 近年来不仅被作为不含金属组分的催化剂和催化剂载体, 广泛地应用于有机官能团的选择性转换、光催化分解水、氧还原和Au、Pd、Ag、Pt等贵金属的负载, 还被作为绿色储能材料和硬模板剂用于H2、CO2的存储和纳米金属氮(氧)化物的制备等, 在能源和材料相关领域逐渐引起人们的关注. 本文将从材料的制备和应用角度,综述国内外同行近年来在g-C3N4研究中所取得的一些重要进展, 并对其未来发展趋势,特别是在能源和环境领域中的应用进行了展望.

关键词: 石墨相氮化碳, 聚合物半导体, 材料制备, 应用研究

Abstract:

Recently, polymeric semiconductor graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has been widely used in fields related to energy and material science, because of its unique electronic structure and excellent chemical inertness. For example, it can function as a metal-free catalyst or as a catalyst support for organic synthesis, photocatalytic water splitting, oxygen reduction reactions, and loading of Au, Pd, Ag, and Pt nanoparticles. In addition, it can also serve as a porous covalent organic framework for the absorption of H2 and CO2 gases, or as a hard template for the generation of metal (oxy)nitrides. In this review, some recent advances in g-C3N4 synthesis and applications are presented. The prospects for the development of g-C3N4 in energy-and environment-related fields are also discussed.

Key words: Graphitic carbon nitride, Polymeric semiconductor, Material preparation, Application research

MSC2000: 

  • O643