物理化学学报 >> 2013, Vol. 29 >> Issue (10): 2286-2294.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201307151

材料物理化学 上一篇    

复合软模板法可控制备红毛丹状AlOOH/Al2O3纳米材料

许静, 强金凤, 王瑞娟, 牛文军, 沈明   

  1. 扬州大学化学化工学院, 江苏 扬州, 225002
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-02 修回日期:2013-07-15 发布日期:2013-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 沈明 E-mail:shenming@yzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(21273194)和江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目

Controllable Preparation of Rambutan-Shape AlOOH/Al2O3 Nanomaterials with a Composite Soft Template

XU Jing, QIANG Jin-Feng, WANG Rui-Juan, NIU Wen-Jun, SHEN Ming   

  1. College of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-05-02 Revised:2013-07-15 Published:2013-09-26
  • Contact: SHEN Ming E-mail:shenming@yzu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21273194) and Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, China.

摘要:

以Al(NO3)3为铝源,尿素为均相沉淀剂, 在聚乙二醇400(PEG4000)-DL-天冬氨酸形成的复合软模板体系中, 通过简单的常压回流方式成功合成出形貌和尺寸较为均一的红毛丹状γ-AlOOH纳米结构, 继而考察了反应物和添加剂用量对前驱体形貌和尺寸的影响, 并对γ-AlOOH纳米结构可能的形成机理进行了探讨. 实验结果表明, 所合成的红毛丹状γ-AlOOH具有球中球的核壳结构, 统计得内球直径约为400 nm, 外壳外径约为600 nm, 密集状态的壳层厚度约为15 nm, 毛刺状凸出物长度可达60 nm以上. 前驱体样品经600℃煅烧5 h后即转变为具有良好形貌继承性的γ-Al2O3, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) N2-吸附实验表明其比表面积高达299.97 m2·g-1.

关键词: 氧化铝纳米结构, 聚乙二醇, DL-天冬氨酸, 复合软模板, 常压回流

Abstract:

Using PEG4000-DL-aspartic acid as a composite soft template, Al(NO3)3 as an aluminumsource and urea as an alkali source, homogeneous rambutan-shaped AlOOH nanomaterials were successfully synthesized by a simple heating method under atmospheric conditions. The effects of the concentrations of reactants and additives on the morphology and size of the particles were studied and the possible formation mechanismof the γ-AlOOH nanostructures was explored. The rambutan-like γ-AlOOH particles had a core-shell structure resembling a ball within a ball. Based on the statistical results fromSEMimages of the particles, the ball diameter, external diameter, shell thickness and length of burr-like projections were about 400, 600, 15 and 60 nm, respectively. Results indicate that γ-Al2O3 retained the morphology of the AlOOH precursor following calcination at 600℃ for 5 h. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) N2-adsorption experiments showed that the specific surface area of rambutan-shaped γ-Al2O3 reached as high as 299.97 m2·g-1.

Key words: Alumina nanostructure, Polyethylene glycol, DL-aspartic acid, Composite soft template, Atmospheric refluxing

MSC2000: 

  • O614.3+1