物理化学学报 >> 2014, Vol. 30 >> Issue (4): 589-607.doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201402182

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二嗪类有机光电功能材料的应用进展

梅群波1, 翁洁娜1, 童碧海2, 田汝强1, 蒋渊知1, 华庆芳1, 黄维1   

  1. 1 南京邮电大学信息材料与纳米技术研究院, 有机电子与信息显示国家重点实验室培育基地, 南京210046;
    2 安徽工业大学冶金与资源学院, 分子工程与应用化学研究所, 安徽马鞍山243002
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-04 修回日期:2014-01-30 发布日期:2014-03-31
  • 通讯作者: 梅群波, 黄维 E-mail:iamqbmei@njupt.edu.cn;iamwhuang@njupt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(973)(2009CB930601),国家自然科学基金(51173081,61136003),南京邮电大学自然科学基金研究项目(NY212074),安徽省高校自然科学基础研究面上项目(KJ2013A108)和江苏省高校研究生科研创新计划项目(CXLX11_0421)资助

Progress in the Application of Diazine Compounds in Optoelectronic Functional Materials

MEI Qun-Bo1, WENG Jie-Na1, TONG Bi-Hai2, TIAN Ru-Qiang1, JIANG Yuan-Zhi1, HUA Qing-Fang1, HUANG Wei1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory for Organic Electronic & Information Displays, Institute of Advanced Materials, Nanjing University of Posts & Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046, P. R. China;
    2 Institute of Molecular Engineering and Applied Chemistry, College of Metallurgy and Resources, Anhui University of Technology, Maanshan 243002, Anhui Province, P. R. China
  • Received:2013-12-04 Revised:2014-01-30 Published:2014-03-31
  • Contact: MEI Qun-Bo, HUANG Wei E-mail:iamqbmei@njupt.edu.cn;iamwhuang@njupt.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    The project was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973) (2009CB930601), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51173081, 61136003), Research Fund for Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China (NY212074), Natural Science Foundation from Bureau of Education of Anhui Province, China (KJ2013A108) and Program for Postgraduates Research Innovation of Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province, China (CXLX11_0421).

摘要:

在过去的几十年里,有机电子学作为一个新兴领域迅猛发展,为科学技术的进步作出了巨大的贡献. 有机材料被应用在各种电子器件中,并取得了卓越的成效. 作为使用在电子器件中最基本的组分,有机光电材料更是备受瞩目. 二嗪类化合物具有优异的光电性能,是光电材料领域最活跃的研究方向之一. 两个N原子相对位置的不同,可以构成三种异构体,分别为哒嗪(1,2-二嗪)、嘧啶(1,3-二嗪)和吡嗪(1,4-二嗪),从而有效地调控材料的电子结构,且可以影响二嗪化合物不同位置的修饰,从而得到了广泛关注. 本文对近年来二嗪类化合物在光伏材料、薄膜半导体材料、液晶材料、传感材料和电致发光材料等领域的研究进展进行了较全面的总结和评述,指出目前基于二嗪类化合物的光电材料所面临的困难以及未来的发展方向,最后展望了二嗪类化合物作为杂环类有机光电功能材料的应用前景.

关键词: 哒嗪, 嘧啶, 吡嗪, 光电功能材料, 应用

Abstract:

As a new and developing field, organic electronics is attracting much attention and has contributed greatly to progress in science and technology over the past few decades. Satisfactory results have been achieved for the use of organic optoelectronic materials in various electronic devices. As the most basic component used in electronic devices, organic optoelectronic materials have attracted an increasing amount of attention. Diazine compounds have excellent optical and electrical properties and are some of the most researched compounds in the photoelectric material field. They contain a benzene ring in which two of the C―H fragments have been replaced by isolobal nitrogen. Three isomers: pyridazine (1,2-diazine), pyrimidine (1,3-diazine), and pyrazine (1,4-diazine) exist. Because of the relative position of two of the N atoms, they can be modified in different positions and can be effectively used to control the electronic structure of the material. Therefore, they have received widespread attention. In this review, a summary of recent research progress into diazine compounds in different optoelectronic functional material application fields is provided. Specifically, photovoltaic materials, thin film semiconductor materials, liquid crystal materials, chemosensor materials, and electroluminescent materials are discussed. Finally, existing important problems and the future development of diazine compounds are also discussed.

Key words: Pyridazine, Pyrimidine, Pyrazine, Optoelectronic functional material, Application

MSC2000: 

  • O644